Spain has a strong community of Open Access Institutional Repositories. Currently there are 56 institutional repositories across the country, which means that 80% of the Spanish Universities have their own institutional repository.

Spain has a national harverster & service provider for the repositories community called RECOLECTA or “Open Science Harvester”. It is managed by the Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology FECYT (a public foundation under the Ministry for Economic Affairs and Competiveness) in collaboration with the Universitary Libraries Network REBIUN. It is a platform that gathers all the national scientific repositories together in one place and provides services to repository managers, researchers and decision-makers.

Spain also participates in European and International OA projects and initiatives. Spain promotes the Open Access movement through its participation as a partner in European FP7 projects such as OpenAIRE (Open Access Infrastructure for Research in Europe), OpenAIRE Plus (2nd Generation of Open Access Infrastructure for Research in Europe) and MedOANet (Mediterranean Open Access Network). Also participates in international initiatives such as COAR (Confederation of Open Access Repositories).

The International Open Access week is celebrated yearly and several activities are organized by national (promoted by FECYT and REBIUN) and local institutions (under the coordination of universities and research organizations).

Despite Southern European Countries having few commercial publishers and less funding, Spain is at the forefront of Open Access and has a long history of open access publishing. In 2014,  Spain's DIALNET ranked as one of the top two portals in the Ranking Web of World Repositories.

As of March 2021, there are 863 OA journals published in Spain which are indexed in DOAJ. Currently, 44 OA policies are registered in ROARMAP. There are currently 172 open access repositories registered in OpenDOAR.

In Spain, activities in the support of OA are focused on technological development, training and advising, but without any direct financing of the publication of journals. Most relevant initiatives:

Fundación Española para la Ciencia y Tecnología (FECYT) – The Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology (FECYT) is the government agency which supports academic publication through programs that include training and awards for quality in academic publishing. The Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology (FECYT) and the Network of Spanish Universitary Libraries (REBIUN) support the International Open Access Week. Both institutions organize several events to promote among the academic and research community the benefits of open access, and to share good practices in this area. They organize workshops, on line seminars and panel discussions with experts in the field.

Journal Evaluation Indexes – Alternative indexes measuring scientific impact were created in Spain with the objective of improving the performance of journals that are not currently indexed in WoS or Scopus.


Launched in January 2008, Digital.CSIC repository is coordinated by CSIC Unit of Scientific Resources for Research (URICI) and is part of “Frames” Action Line in CSIC Strategic Plan 2010-2013. The new Law of Science includes article 37 over the requirement to self-archive publications resulting from research projects that have been funded by General Public Budget, which in practice is an open access mandate for most CSIC research outputs.

CSIC hosted the seminar that led to the making of Alhambra Declaration in May 2010. In October 2011, URICI and Digital.CSIC organised a meeting that convened all State-funded Research Organizations (OPIs) and Spain’s Ministry of Science and Innovation to discuss over open access advances in each institution and implementation of new Law of Science. Collaboration with other publicly funded research institutions at European level takes place through participation in EUROHORCS and ESF Open Access activities. CSIC is a member of COAR.

Digital.CSIC organises, preserves and enables access to a wide variety of scientific outputs and counts with the active participation of CSIC scientific community and its network of 73 research libraries. This library network manages a large digital collection including 9,000+ e-journals, 220,000 e-books, databases and scientific portals and more than 1,000,000 digitized images from CSIC’s heritage collections. Digital.CSIC repository raises awareness and trains CSIC community on a broad range of OA issues (open standards and interoperability, copyright and author’s rights, advocacy and policymaking, dissemination efforts etc). With 40,000+ items, it is the largest and most widely visited open access repository of scientific resources in Spain.

Communication: Digital.CSIC Technical Office, Unit of Information Resources for Research (URICI) -Spanish National Research Council, C/Joaquín Costa 22; Office 308, 28002 MADRID, email: isabel.bernal[at]

Revistas CSIC

Revistas-CSIC is a project developed since June 2007 by the CSIC Press Department; it aims to increase both visibility and usability of the scientific Journals published by the CSIC, thereby promoting their increased international diffusion and impact.

Revistas-CSIC provides free full-text access to the online edition of 37 CSIC Journals, most of them founded back in the 1910-1930’s and 1940-1950’s. Currently, 28 Journals provide immediate, free online access to its contents, and 9 Journals provide 6-months delayed access to full-text research articles.

Revistas-CSIC is continually updated with new content, publishing current issues of CSIC Journals and post-print papers in advance to the print edition. Back Issues are also added progressively to the online edition.

Revistas-CSIC has become a reference site for Journals in all areas of knowledge, with more than 13,0 million PDF normalized downloads (more than 17,0 million total downloads) since its appearance.

Some features of Revistas-CSIC:

37 peer-reviewed Journals, 34 of them indexed by  Scopus® and/or ISI–Web of ScienceTM.

More than 16,000 scientific papers and other documents are available in open access.

Multiple subjects: Science and Technology, Social Sciences, Arts and Humanities.

Multiple languages: English, French, Spanish and others.

All content distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non commercial Spain 3.0 License.

Dublin Core metadata (DCMES) and interoperability (OAI-PMH).

Long-term preservation and permanent access.

e-Revistas (Open Access Platform for Spanish and Latin-American Scientific Journals) provides access to summaries, metadata, and links to full-text content of more than 550 Journals, selected by the accomplishment of the Latindex criteria for scientific edition. Journals are organized by subject matter, and users have different tools for simple and advanced search.

Editors have the choice to upload metadata contents manually or automatically via OAI-PMH. Access is transparent for the user: full-text files are accessed at the journal's websites, avoiding unnecessary duplications that may obscure the relevance of the journal itself.

e-Revistas is one of the most used Open Access platforms in Spanish language, with more than 2,5 million page views in the last 3 years.

RECOLECTA is a nationwide infrastructure of open access scientific repositories. It is a platform that gathers all the national scientific repositories together in one place, and it is meant to be the national reference for the Open Access movement in Spain. Based on DNET software, the aim of RECOLECTA is to promote and coordinate the national infrastructure of open access digital scientific repositories in an interoperable manner based on the standards adopted by the global community. Also, to foster, support and facilitate the adoption of open access policies by Spanish universities and R&D organizations. RECOLECTA also aims to give a greater visibility and impact to the Spanish national research outcomes.

Along with creating, maintaining, supporting and improving the national repositories infrastructure, RECOLECTA provides with services to repository managers, in order for them to be updated with technical requirements, to be compliant with international interoperability guidelines, and to be accurately informed with the latest news on how the open access movement is advancing worldwide.

RECOLECTA also provides services to researchers and to decision-makers through advocacy, dissemination and high level technical advice. It facilitates open and free access to all scientific production openly deposited in Spanish repositories. It brings support services for users and strengthens the national open access community. It promotes activities to spread information and fosters collaboration. Also, it spreads information on Spanish participation in European projects related to open access, whose results could benefit the Spanish open science repository community. RECOLECTA has an active website with daily updated information and news, and with Spanish and English versions. ( RECOLECTA is currently working in the implementation of a national statistics module for getting repositories’ usage-data. Moreover, RECOLECTA has three Working Groups that are contributing to achieve the project’s near future challenges:

Working Group for OA Policies: More than 20 national experts and members of universities and research centers with an OA institutional policy are contributing to the definition of the roadmap for the implementation of the Article 37 of the Spanish Law on Science, Technology and Innovation, and its follow up and monitoring procedures.

Working Group for Statistics: It is working along with FECYT in the development of a standardized measurement of institutional repositories usage data. The service will provide aggregated repositories statistics. The successful and effective implementation of a statistics system will enable a proper compliance of the OA national mandate

Working Group for Repositories’ Evaluation: This WG works for ensuring the interoperability of repositories along with DRIVER and OpenAIRE guidelines. This WG is responsible for updating the "RECOLECTA Guide for the evaluation of institutional research repositories" first published in 2010.

Enabling Environment

The National Government in Spain is committed with Open Access policies. The new National Spanish Law 14/2011, of June 1st, on Science, Technology and Innovation was released in 2011 and it contains an article on open access to scientific publications: the Article 37 of the law, which is entitled “Open Access Dissemination”. It encourages Spanish institutions to stimulate the development of open access repositories for the deposit of the scientific output of their researchers, and to make sure that these repositories are interoperable with national and international initiatives. Also, it mandates that those Spanish researchers who carry out their research mainly funded by the National Government will make public a copy of the final version of the accepted paper as soon as possible, and no later than 12 months after publication. These open access copies will be archived in an institutional or a thematic repository. The evaluation agencies may take into consideration the availability of open access production of researchers in their evaluation processes. The Ministry will be responsible for providing a centralized access to the Spanish repositories network. It is expected that the Government will develop the open access article into a more detailed regulation.

Spanish institutions with OA policies and mandates are specially committed with this international movement and support international declarations such as Berlin Declaration, Bethesda Open Access Statement and Budapest Open Access Initiative.

The Alhambra Declaration comprises several Spanish institutions. The Declaration was developed in a seminar about Open Access that took place in 2010 and it was coordinated by the Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology (FECYT) and the Consortium of Academic Libraries of Catalonia (CBUC), with the support of the CSIC.

Some Spanish networks have signed their own declarations to show publicly their commitment with the Open Access movement, like Consorcio Madroño.

The national platform RECOLECTA promotes Open Access in the community and it addresses all stakeholders (i.e. decision-makers, researchers and librarians and repository managers) through the provision of services, continuous support, dissemination activities and advocacy.

National and Institutional Level Policies/Mandates

National Level: 1 National Open Access Mandate

The Spanish Law 14/2011, of June 1st, on Science, Technology and Innovation. The Article 37 titled “Open Access Dissemination” compels the Spanish researcher to archive in an Open Access repository all the scientific publications made under the National Public R&D funding scheme.

Regional level: 2 Regional Open Access Policies

The Regional Government of Madrid has a harvester for all 7 Universities’ repositories based on Madrid. The harvester is called e-ciencia. It was created in 2005. In 2009, the Region launched a regular call for R&D funding, where an open self-archiving mandate was included for Technology and Biomedicine areas. The Madrid Region is now in the process of evaluating the call and evaluating its open access mandate. Its intention is to extent the self-archiving mandate to further calls. (

The Regional Government of Asturias operates a regional repository called RIA, which was created in 2009. Since that date, the Regional Government has included an open access self-archiving requirement in its calls for R&D funding in 2009, 2011 and 2012. The Regional Government is now in the process of evaluating the level of performance of these open access regulations in its public calls for funding. (

Institutional Level

There are 15 Institutional Open Access Policies & Mandates: Barcelona Autonomous University, Alcalá de Henares University, Alicante University, Barcelona University, Cantabria University, Lleida University, Girona University, Vic Universit, Zaragoza University, Oberta Catalunya University, Politechnic University Cartagena, Politechnic University Cataluña, Politechnic University Madrid, Politechnic University Valencia, Pompeu Fabra University.

Potential Barriers

Publications produced in Spain have been studied by many authors. In the most recent article dealing with this issue, Rodríguez-Yunta and Giménez-Toledo (2013) highlighted the low level of representativeness of the country’s journals in the fields of humanities and social sciences. It may be that these subject fields have a low impact and low level of representativeness because of poor management. Another study analyzed 30 articles in the Journal Citation Reports (JCR) focusing on the type of publisher, international presence on the editorial board, and the impact and profiles of their citations. At the time, the research revealed a predominance of 60% in the field of health, with 40% of this figure managed by commercial publishers. Research into the number of journals administered by universities in Spain (25% of the total) showed that numerous initiatives are necessary to improve the quality, visibility and impact of these journals.

Other barriers:

It is needed to keep working in guaranteeing a full institutional coverage of appropriated OA infrastructures. New institutional repositories need to be created.

It has to be guaranteed a high quality standard for institutional repositories. Activities such as the promotion of DRIVER guidelines compliancy and the coordination of metadata and archiving policies need to be constantly done.

Creation of indicators for measuring the use and impact of open access archived scientific production.

It is necessary to develop step-by-step guidelines for implementing the National OA mandate in the forthcoming R&D projects call.

It is required to develop a monitoring system to measure how the OA National mandate is being carried out by R&D institutions and researchers

It is necessary to provide national researchers with the proper resources and tools for retaining their copyright and intellectual property rights when publishing, and to transfer to commercial publishers only those rights necessary for publication.

To evolve the National OA mandate through comprising also research data management. Specific policies, long term financial resources, specialised human resources (for generating data, and for using and preserving it), and coordinated infrastructure to guarantee its interoperability will be required.

Achieve a real cultural change in all the parties involved: researchers, research organizations’s staff, universities and research centres, funding agencies, scientific publishers and decision makers

Key Organizations

Network of Academic and Research University Libraries of Spain (REBIUN)

Overview: Open Access and repositories are REBIUN strategic objectives. REBIUN has created, together with FECYT, the portal RECOLECTA; almost all universities have an institutional repository in place, and 10 universities have already established a self-archiving mandate:

Universidad Carlos III de Madrid; Universidad de Salamanca; Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena; Universidad Politécnica de Madrid; Universidad Rey Juan Carlos; Universitat de Barcelona; Universitat Oberta de Catalunya; Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya; Universitat Pompeu fabra.

Communication address: Plaza de las Cortes, 2-7 ª planta,28014 Madrid 28014 Madrid, Spain; e-mail: rebiun(at)

The Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology (FECYT)

Overview: FECYT coordinates OA policies and projects in Spain. It runs RECOLECTA, the Spanish national project for the constitution of the federated infrastructure of open institutional repositories.

FECYT is the national desk for Spain in the OpenAIRE project, and was the coordinator of the seminar taken place in 2010 about Open Access in Southern Europe that gave place to the Alhambra Declaration (, comprising recommendations of OA experts to foster OA in the South of Europe.

Communication address: Fundación Española para la Ciencia y la Tecnología, C/ Pedro Teixeira, 8 (planta 2), 28020 Madrid, Spain; e-mail: comunicacion(at)

Secretariat of State for Research, Development and Innovation within the Spanish Ministry for Economic Affairs and Competitiveness. It holds the responsibilities for scientific and technical research, development and innovation, including the management of international relations in this area and the Spanish representation in international organizations and in the European Union.

Events and Programmes

  • Webinar: Més enllà de la publicació en accés obert: les plataformes de publicació, 2020-10-20, Spain, Organized by CRAI Universitat de Barcelona, Type: webinar
  • MDPI publisher talk at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 2019-10-22, Spain, Organized by Servei de Biblioteques UAB, Type: talk
  • Open Access Week 2019 at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 2019-10-21, Spain, Organized by Servei de Biblioteques UAB, Type: open, access, week, 2019
  • Más allá de lo abierto: innovación, sostenibilidad y equidad en la comunicación académica, 2019-10-18, Spain, Organized by University of Navarra. Library, Type: conference
  • Ciclo de Conferencias sobre acceso abierto y repositorios en la Universidad de Huelva, 2018-10-31, Spain, Organized by Repositorio Arias Montano. UHU. José Carlos Morillo Moreno, Type: conferencia
  • Charla: "Servicio 'Big Data' de la ULPGC", 2018-10-26, Spain, Organized by Biblioteca Universitaria ULPGC, Type: talk
  • Semana Internacional del Acceso Abierto 2018 en España, 2018-10-24, Spain, Organized by Crue-REBIUN, Type: web, page
  • #siguelapistadelOA, 2018-10-23, Spain, Organized by Crue-REBIUN, Type: game
  • Contribución de la Biblioteca Universitaria de Huelva a la OAW2018, 2018-10-23, Spain, Organized by Repositorio Arias Montano. UHU. José Carlos Morillo Moreno, Type: web
  • Vocabularios UNESCO en Repositorio Arias Montano, 2018-10-23, Spain, Organized by Repositorio Arias Montano. UHU. Jos´, Type: mejora, repositorio
  • Exposición permanente infografías Rebiun sobre Acceso Abierto y Datos de Investigación en la Biblioteca Central. Planta Segunda, 2018-10-23, Spain, Organized by Repositorio Arias Montano. UHU. José Carlos Morillo Moreno, Type: exposición
  • Nuevas funcionalidades Perfil de Autor en Repositorio Arias Montano. University of Huelva, 2018-10-23, Spain, Organized by Repositorio Arias Montano. UHU. José Carlos Morillo Moreno, Type: repositorio., funcionalidades
  • Editatón 2018 - Acceso abierto en el repositorio GREDOS, 2018-10-23, Spain, Organized by Facultad de Traducción y Documentación, Type: workshop
  • Los datos abiertos en el contexto de un nuevo sistema de comunicación y evaluación científica, 2018-10-23, Spain, Organized by Dadun (Universidad de Navarra), Type: conference
  • Open Access Week at Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC), 2018-10-18, Spain, Organized by Anna Rovira, Type: open, access, week, 2018, activities
  • La Biblioteca de la Universidad de Sevilla con la 11ª Semana Internacional del Acceso Abierto, 2018-10-17, Spain, Organized by Mª Victoria Puy Moreno, Type: taller, noticias
  • OAW at IDIBELL - Unleash your true research potential!, 2017-10-26, Spain, Organized by IDIBELL, Type: workshop, conference, meet-up
  • IV Jornada de Acceso Abierto en la UEX: Digitalizar para dar a conocer, 2017-10-25, Spain, Organized by Biblioteca Univ. Extremadura, Type: seminar
  • Cómo cumplir con políticas de Open Science: Servicios y herramientas de apoyo para investigadores., 2017-10-24, Spain, Organized by OpenAire-España and FOSTER+, Type: wokshop
  • Open Access Week 2017 in the PhD Education in the Knowledge Society, 2017-10-23, Spain, Organized by Martin Tena Espinoza, PhD Education in the Knowledge Society, Type: workshop
  • La Biblioteca de la Universidad de Sevilla con la Semana Internacional de Acceso Abierto, 2017-10-23, Spain, Organized by Mª Victoria Puy Moreno, Type: taller, noticias
  • Más allá del Open Access: la apertura de los datos de investigación en el contexto de la Open science, 2017-10-23, Spain, Organized by Dadun - Universidad de Navarra, Type: conference
  • Derechos de autor en el acceso abierto, 2016-11-02, Spain, Organized by Amparo Cózar Santiago, Type: conference
  • MDPI - OA Week - Spain, 2016-10-28, Spain, Organized by MDPI, Type: conference
  • Difusión Versión dispositivos móviles del Repositorio Arias Montano (9ª Semana Internacional del Acceso Abierto), 2016-10-27, Spain, Organized by Repositorio Arias Montano. UHU, Type: versión, móvil
  • MDPI - OA Week - Spain, 2016-10-27, Spain, Organized by MDPI, Type: conference
  • Open in Action: Los datos de investigación, un paso más hacia la ciencia abierta, 2016-10-27, Spain, Organized by Biblioteca UPV, Type: conference
  • Interoperabilidad perfil investigador Repositorio Arias Montano UHU y Dialnet, 2016-10-26, Spain, Organized by Repositorio Arias Montano. UHU, Type: acción
  • Acceso abierto: resultados y datos = Open Access: results and data, 2016-10-26, Spain, Organized by Biblioteca de la Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Type: round table, discussion
  • MDPI - OA Week - Spain, 2016-10-26, Spain, Organized by MDPI, Type: conference
  • Jornadas sobre el Acceso Abierto, Datos Abiertos y Ciencia Abierta, 2016-10-25, Spain, Organized by José Manuel Erbez Rodríguez, Type: seminar
  • Guía BUH de Ayuda al Investigador sobre “Datos de investigación”. 9ª Semana Internacional del Acceso Abierto, 2016-10-25, Spain, Organized by Repositorio Arias Montano. UHU, Type: guía, de, ayuda, al, investigador
  • Conferencia sobre datos abiertos e investigación, Universidad de Cantabria, 2016-10-25, Spain, Organized by Vicerrectorados de Investigación y de Campus, Biblioteca Universitaria, Type: presentation
  • III Jornada de Acceso Abierto en la UEx: "Acciones con datos abiertos", 2016-10-25, Spain, Organized by Biblioteca Univ. Extremadura, Type: conference
  • Difusión web BUH contribuciones UHU para la 9ª Semana Internacional del Acceso Abierto, 2016-10-24, Spain, Organized by Repositorio Arias Montano. UHU, Type: difusión, página, web
  • Encuentro sobre Acceso Abierto y Conocimiento Digital en la Universidad #OpenAccessWeek, 2016-10-24, Spain, Organized by Medialab UGR, Type: seminar
  • Jornada sobre l'Accés Obert a la UAB, 2016-10-24, Spain, Organized by UAB Biblioteques, Type: seminar
  • Biblioteca de la Universidad de Sevilla, 2016-10-21, Spain, Organized by Mª Victoria Puy Moreno, Type: open, access, week
  • Mesa redonda en línea “Ciencia colaborativa y acceso abierto: los repositorios como instrumentos de E-Ciencia”, 2015-10-23, Spain, Organized by REBIUN, Type: round, table, mesa, redonda
  • Mesa redonda: Open Data para qué y para quién., 2015-10-23, Spain, Organized by Col·legi Oficial de Bibliotecaris i Documentalistes de la Comunitat Valenciana, Type: jornada
  • Ciencia abierta en la UGR, 2015-10-22, Spain, Organized by OSL/UGRInvestiga/GrinUGR, Type: hackathon, charlas, tlaleres
  • Reflexiones sobre la investigación abierta: Abiertos a la Colaboración, 2015-10-22, Spain, Organized by Programa de Doctorado en Formación en la Sociedad del Conocimiento del Instituto Universitario de Investigación en Ciencias de la Educación (IUCE) de la Universidad de Salamanca (USAL), Type: workshop
  • Jornada de Acceso Abierto, 2015-10-22, Spain, Organized by RiuNet, Type: jornada
  • New IDIBAPS CRIS, 2015-10-21, Spain, Organized by IDIBAPS, Type: presentation
  • Conocimiento Abierto en la Universidad Rey Juan Carlos: Repositorio institucional y MOOC en URJC online., 2015-10-21, Spain, Organized by Manuel Gertrudix Barrio, Type: conference
  • 2nd Workshop on open and research data, 2015-10-20, Spain, Organized by Fernanda Peset, Type: workshop
  • II Jornada sobre Acceso Abierto: Compartir la experiencia, redefinir el impacto, 2015-10-20, Spain, Organized by Biblioteca Univ. Extremadura, Type: workshop
  • Open Access at the Spanish National Research Council, 2015-10-19, Spain, Organized by DIGITAL.CSIC, Type: dissemination
  • Repositorio Arias Montano e identificador ORCID para investigadores UHU, 2015-10-19, Spain, Organized by Repositorio Arias Montano. UHU, Type: mejoras, repositorio, en, semana, de, acceso, abierto
  • Acciones de promoción de la Universidad de Huelva en la Semana Internacional del Acceso Abierto, 2015-10-19, Spain, Organized by Repositorio Arias Montano. UHU, Type: open, access, week
  • ¿Cómo apoya la Biblioteca de la Universidad de Sevilla el Acceso Abierto?, 2015-10-19, Spain, Organized by Mª Victoria Puy Moreno, Type: vídeo
  • Conferencia de Reme Melero en la Universidad de Navarra, 2015-10-19, Spain, Organized by Equipo de Dadun, Type: conference
  • May 2015: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid and Universitat Politècnica de València: “Sharing European research outcomes: Raising awareness on open access, open research data and open science.” This was a FOSTER-supported training programme organized in partnership with EIFL with the aim of setting in place sustainable mechanisms for EU researchers to Foster Open Science. This was one of the 24 training programmes organized in 2015 for the the research communities of 17 other EU countries.
  • 28-30 April 2015: Special Session on Free Open Source Software for Geospatial: Enabling Open Data and Open Science- FOSS4ODOSS 2015; Barcelona, Spain.
  • 21-23 October 2014: Training Young Researchers for for an Open Future; Barcelona and Madrid, Spain.
  • 21-23 October 2014: First International Workshop on Open Research Data; Valencia, Spain.
  • 16-17 October 2014: Open Access- The Politics of Publishing in Anthropology and Beyond; Madrid, Spain.
  • 27-28 April, 2014: "Open Access Days" workshop organized by The American University in Cairo (AUC). Nicholas Cop from SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online), spoke about their bibliographic database of open access journals. SciELO initially started in Brazil, 15 years ago, yet it now have presence in 12 countries most of them are in Latin America and the Iberian Peninsula. Mr. Cop also shed the light about the status of Open Access in that region by showing some statistics. For example, in Chile, 88% of the journals are Open Access ones. Similarly, in Brazil, 63% of the articles there are OA. On SciELO’s blog there is also a study about academic journal publication models in Brazil and Spain.  He also spoke about the language barrier for researches done in Spanish or Portuguese which is limiting the access to the papers published in the OA journals there, thus they translate the papers’ abstracts. Mr. Cop also spoke about a new project they are working on to promote OA books and to allow ways for easier citations between papers and e-books.
  • 24-27 April 2014: Second Conference on Data Journalism and Open Data; Madrid, Spain.
  • Taller autoarchivo Repositorio Arias Montano. Universidad de Huelva, 2013-10-25, Spain, Organized by Rafaela Civico, J. Carlos Morillo. Repositorio Arias Montano, Type: taller, actividad, formativa
  • Interoperabilidad de datos abiertos, 2013-10-24, Spain, Organized by COBDCV, Type: course
  • Charla-coloquio sobre Acceso Abierto en Uniradio de la UHU, 2013-10-23, Spain, Organized by José Carlos Morillo. Repositorio Arias Montano UHU, Type: charla, coloquio
  • Open Access Week 2013 at the University of Salamanca, 2013-10-21, Spain, Organized by University of Salamanca (Spain), Type: marketing, roundtable, video
  • ¿Acceso abierto? conferencia por Javier de la Cueva (Madrid, sábado 19/10/2013), 2013-10-19, Spain, Organized by Grupo de Trabajo de Repositorios de REBIUN, Type: conference
  • 4ª Conferência Luso-Brasileira de Acesso Aberto, 2013-10-06, Spain, Organized by Universidade de São Paulo - USP, Type: conference
  • Wikipedia Technical Meeting Autumn 2012, 2012-10-27, Spain, Organized by Amical Viquipèdia, with the support of the Universitat Oberta de Catalunya, UOC, Type: meeting
  • Training session: What can do UJI Repository for you?, 2012-10-26, Spain, Organized by Library of Universitat Jaume I, Type: training, session
  • Training session: What UJI Repository can help you?, 2012-10-26, Spain, Organized by Library of Universitat Jaume I, Type: training, session
  • Open Access in University of Navarra, 2012-10-25, Spain, Organized by Rocio Serrano-Vicente, Type: round, table
  • Training session: Open Access Digital Resources, 2012-10-25, Spain, Organized by Universitat Jaume I Library, Type: training, sessions
  • Current situation of the OA at the Universitat de Barcelona, 2012-10-24, Spain, Organized by Universitat de Barcelona, Type: seminar
  • Open Educational Resources Workshop, 2012-10-24, Spain, Organized by Universitat Oberta de Catalunya, UOC, Type: workshop
  • Open Publishing, 2012-10-23, Spain, Organized by Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat de Barcelona, Type: round, table
  • Open Access Week at University of Salamanca (Spain), 2012-10-22, Spain, Organized by Universidad de Salamanca, Type: marketing, advocacy, activities
  • NEW WORKLINES IN OPEN ACCESS AND INSTITUTIONAL REPOSITORIES, 2012-10-22, Spain, Organized by UPV/EHU Library, Type: oa, dissemination, session
  • RiuNet, 2011-10-26, Spain, Organized by RiuNet, Type: invitation, to, participate
  • Open Education Resources (OER) workshop, 2011-10-25, Spain, Organized by Universitat Oberta de Catalunya, UOC, Type: workshop
  • Open Access Week at University of Salamanca (Spain), 2011-10-24, Spain, Organized by Universidad de Salamanca, Type: marketing, activities, advertising, brochures, round, table, conferences
  • We will promote Open Acces Week in MSFS's website, facebook group and blog., 2011-10-24, Spain, Organized by Marine Sciences For Society, Type: web
  • Donation of the ATI-Novatica collection, 2011-10-24, Spain, Organized by Universitat Oberta de Catalunya, UOC, Type: events
  • Conference "Llull as computer scientist, or why Llull was one of us", by professor Ton Sales, 2011-10-24, Spain, Organized by Universitat Oberta de Catalunya, UOC, Type: conference
  • The commitment of the Universitat de Barcelona to open access publishing, 2010-10-22, Spain, Organized by Oficina de Difusió del Coneixement - CRAI UB, Type: conference
  • The commitment of the Universitat de Barcelona to open access publishing, 2010-10-21, Spain, Organized by Oficina de Difusió del Coneixement - CRAI UB, Type: conference
  • Open Access Week at RECOLECTA, the open access door to Spanish research outputs, 2010-10-20, Spain, Organized by RECOLECTA, Type: conferences, workshops, round, tables, and, more....
  • "Acceso Abierto: ¿Qué aporta a la actividad científica?", 2010-10-20, Spain, Organized by proyecto "e-ciencia" del Consorcio Madroño (Consorcio de Bibliotecas de las Universidades Públicas de la Comunidad de Madrid y el CSIC), Type: oa, week, event


  • 25 April 2014: Study Highlights Academic Journal Publication Models in Brazil and Spain
  • 30 January 2014: Open Access in Latin America and Spain, Global Studies Blog by Sean Knowlton.
  • Abad García, M. F., A. González Teruel, and C. Martínez Catalán. 2006. “Open Access and the Spanish Medical Journals [Acceso Abierto y Revistas Médicas Españolas].” Medicina Clinica 127(12):456–64. doi: 10.1157/13093056.
  • Abadal, E. 2013. “Gold or Green: The Debate on Open Access Policies.” International Microbiology 16(3):199–203. doi: 10.2436/20.1501.01.194.
  • Abadal, E., C. O. Castellà, F. Abad-García, and R. Melero. 2013. “Open Access Policies in Spanish Universities [Políticas de Acceso Abierto a La Ciencia En Las Universidades Españolas].” Revista Espanola de Documentacion Cientifica 36(2). doi: 10.3989/redc.2013.2.933.
  • Abadal, E., C. Ollé, and S. Redondo. 2018. “Open Access Monographs Published by University Presses in Spain [Publicación de Monografías En Acceso Abierto Por Editoriales Universitarias Españolas].” Profesional de La Informacion 27(2):300–311. doi: 10.3145/epi.2018.mar.08.
  • Abadal, E., R. Melero, R. S. Rodrigues, and M. Navas-Fernández. 2015. “Spanish Scholarly Journals in WoS and Scopus: The Impact of Open Access.” Journal of Scholarly Publishing 47(1):77–96. doi: 10.3138/jsp.47.1.04.
  • Abadel, E (2010) Open access in Spain In Open access in Southern European countries. Madrid: FECYT: 101-115.
  • Abad-García, M. F., R. Melero, E. Abadal, and A. González-Teruel. 2010. “Self-Archiving of Biomedical Papers in Open Access Repositories [Autoarchivo de Artículos Biomédicos En Repositorios de Acceso Abierto].” Revista de Neurologia 50(7):431–40. doi: 10.33588/rn.5007.2009628.
  • Aguillo, I. F. 2020. “Altmetrics of the Open Access Institutional Repositories: A Webometrics Approach.” Scientometrics 123(3):1181–92. doi: 10.1007/s11192-020-03424-6.
  • Aguillo, I. F., J. L. Ortega, M. Fernández, and A. M. Utrilla. 2010. “Indicators for a Webometric Ranking of Open Access Repositories.” Scientometrics 82(3):477–86. doi: 10.1007/s11192-010-0183-y.
  • Aliaga, F. M. 2014. “Twenty Years of Electronic Publishing and Open Access: A Pioneer Reaches Maturity [Veinte Años de Publicación Electrónica y de Acceso Abierto: La Madurez de Una Pionera].” RELIEVE - Revista Electronica de Investigacion y Evaluacion Educativa 20(1):1–11. doi: 10.7203/relieve.20.1.3856.
  • Alonso Arroyo, A., J. González De Dios, G. González-Alcaide, A. Vidal-Infer, and R. Aleixandre-Benavent. 2011. “Sources of Bibliographical Information (VII). The Primary Documents Access: Collective Catalogues of Sanitary Libraries, Electronic Journals Directory and Open Access Digital Repositories [Fuentes de Información Bibliográfica (VII). El Acceso al Documento Primario: Catálogos Colectivos de Bibliotecas Sanitarias, Directorios de Revistas Electrónicas y Repositorios Digitales de Acceso Abierto].” Acta Pediatrica Espanola 69(11):509–16.
  • Alonso, L., J. Picos, G. Bastos, and J. Armesto. 2020. “Detection of Very Small Tree Plantations and Tree-Level Characterization Using Open-Access Remote-Sensing Databases.” Remote Sensing 12(14). doi: 10.3390/rs12142276.
  • Amiǵo, E., J. Carrillo-De-Albornoz, M. Almagro-Ćadiz, J. Gonzalo, J. Rodŕiguez-Vidal, and F. Verdejo. 2017. “EvALL: Open Access Evaluation for Information Access Systems.” Pp. 1301–4 in SIGIR 2017 - Proceedings of the 40th International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval.
  • Andrés, C. P. 2012. “The Revista Española de Salud Pública with Digital Publishing and Open Access to Science [La Revista Española de Salud Pública Con La Edición Electrónica y El Acceso Abierto a La Ciencia].” Revista Espanola de Salud Publica 86(6):551–54.
  • Andújar, X., E. Sainz, A. Galí, C. Loras, M. Aceituno, J. C. Espinós, J. M. Viver, M. Esteve, and F. Fernández-Bañares. 2015. “Inappropriateness Rate for Colonoscopy Indications in an Open Access Unit [Grado de Adecuación de Las Indicaciones de La Colonoscopia En Una Unidad de Acceso Abierto].” Gastroenterologia y Hepatologia 38(5):313–19. doi: 10.1016/j.gastrohep.2014.11.003.
  • Araujo, P. G., A. Gras, and M. Ginovart. 2016. “MbT-Tool: An Open-Access Tool Based on Thermodynamic Electron Equivalents Model to Obtain Microbial-Metabolic Reactions to Be Used in Biotechnological Process.” Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal 14:325–32. doi: 10.1016/j.csbj.2016.08.001.
  • Arias, P., and H. González-Jorge. 2016. “Infrastructures—an Open Access Journal.” Infrastructures 1(1):1–7. doi: 10.3390/infrastructures1010001.
  • Arrizabalaga, O., D. Otaegui, I. Vergara, J. Arrizabalaga, and E. Méndez. 2020. “Open Access of COVID-19-Related Publications in the First Quarter of 2020: A Preliminary Study Based in PubMed.” F1000Research 9. doi: 10.12688/f1000research.24136.2.
  • Arroyo, C. M., L. Munoa, F. A. Navarro, M. V. Saladrigas, and K. Shashok. 2005. “Panace@ - A Successful Open Access Journal from the STM Translation Community.” Learned Publishing 18(4):258–69. doi: 10.1087/095315105774648834.
  • Ayuso García, M. D., and M. J. Ayuso Sánchez. 2010. “Open Access to Knowledge Sources in Science and Technology in Latin America and the Caribbean [El Acceso a Fuentes Abiertas al Conocimiento En Ciencia y Tecnología En América Latina y El Caribe].” Revista General de Informacion y Documentacion 20(1):115–39.
  • Balaguer, F., J. Llach, A. Castells, J. M. Bordas, M. Pellisé, F. Rodríguez-Moranta, A. Mata, G. Fernández-Esparrach, A. Ginès, and J. M. Piqué. 2005. “The European Panel on the Appropriateness of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Guidelines Colonoscopy in an Open-Access Endoscopy Unit: A Prospective Study.” Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 21(5):609–13. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2036.2005.02359.x.
  • Baquero-Arribas, M., L. Dorado, and I. Bernal. 2019. “Open Access Routes Dichotomy and Opportunities: Consolidation, Analysis and Trends at the Spanish National Research Council.” Publications 7(3). doi: 10.3390/PUBLICATIONS7030049.
  • Barceló, J., C. Macián, J. Infante, M. Oliver, and A. Sfairopoulou. 2006. “Barcelona’s Open Access Network Testbed.” Pp. 47–55 in 2nd International Conference on Testbeds and Research Infrastructures for the Development of Networks and Communities, TRIDENTCOM 2006. Vol. 2006.
  • Barcelo, J., J. Infante, and M. Oliver. 2009. “Wireless Open Access Networks: State-of-the-Art and Technological Opportunities.” Pp. 163–67 in 1st International Conference on Evolving Internet, INTERNET 2009.
  • Barreiro, E. 2013. “Open Access: Is the Scientific Quality of Biomedical Publications Threatened? [Open Access: ¿está En Peligro La Calidad Científica de Las Publicaciones Biomédicas?].” Archivos de Bronconeumologia 49(12):505–6. doi: 10.1016/j.arbres.2013.07.005.
  • Barrueco Cruz, José Manuel; Caballos Villar, Almudena; Campos Rodríguez, Ángeles; Casaldàliga, Núria; Combarro Felpeto, Pilar; Cívico Martín, Rafaela; Domènech Luisa; García Gil, Ma Angeles; Losada, Marina; Morillo Moreno, José Carlos. (2010-2011). FECYT Guide for the evaluation of institutional research repositories. FECYT, RECOLECTA, CRUE y Rebiun.
  • Basora Gallisà, J., D. Orozco Beltrán, and S. Tranche Iparraguirre. 2013. “Primary Care Moves towards Open Access [Atención Primaria Hacia El Open Access].” Atencion Primaria 45(2):69–70. doi: 10.1016/j.aprim.2013.01.001.
  • Bautista-Puig, N., C. Lopez-Illescas, F. de Moya-Anegon, V. Guerrero-Bote, and H. F. Moed. 2020. “Do Journals Flipping to Gold Open Access Show an OA Citation or Publication Advantage?” Scientometrics 124(3):2551–75. doi: 10.1007/s11192-020-03546-x.
  • Beas Jiménez, J. D., M. E. da Silva-Grigoleto, L. Jiménez López, C. López López, C. Rodríguez Sorroche, S. Espinosa Soler, D. Jiménez-Pavón, and M. L. Dias-Estriga. 2018. “Sant Joan d’Alacant Declaration in Defense of Open Access to Scientifc Publications, by the Group of Editors of Spanish Journals on Health Sciences (GERECS). [Declaración de Sant Joan d’Alacant En Defensa Del Acceso Abierto a Las Publicaciones Científcas, Del Grupo de Editores de Revistas Españolas Sobre Ciencias de La Salud (GERECS).].” Revista Andaluza de Medicina Del Deporte 11(4):190–91. doi: 10.33155/j.ramd.2018.04.001.
  • Belli, S., R. Cardenas, M. Velez, A. Rivera, and V. Santoro. 2019. “Open Science and Open Access, a Scientific Practice for Sharing Knowledge.” Pp. 156–67 in CEUR Workshop Proceedings. Vol. 2486.
  • Beyer, T., G. Flux, B. Sattler, A. B. Delaloye, and I. Carrio. 2014. “EJNMMI Physics - Access Is Open for Open Access.” European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging 41(2):197–98. doi: 10.1007/s00259-013-2637-y.
  • Boavida, C. P., and M. J. Amante. 2019. “Open 24 Hours: Online Course and Open Access Thematic Guide [Open 24 Horas: Curso on-Line e Guia Temático Sobre Acesso Aberto].” Ciencia Da Informacao 48(3):367–70.
  • Böhme, K., I. C. Fernández-No, J. Barros-Velázquez, J. M. Gallardo, B. Cañas, and P. Calo-Mata. 2012. “SpectraBank: An Open Access Tool for Rapid Microbial Identification by MALDI-TOF MS Fingerprinting.” Electrophoresis 33(14):2138–42. doi: 10.1002/elps.201200074.
  • Bongiovani, P., N. D. Gómez, and S. Miguel. 2012. “Argentinian Researchers’ Opinions and Habits Regarding Open Access Publishing. A Study Based on the SOAP Survey Data [Opiniones y Hábitos de Publicación En Acceso Abierto de Los Investigadores Argentinos. Un Estudio Basado En Los Datos de La Encuesta SOAP].” Revista Espanola de Documentacion Cientifica 35(3):453–67. doi: 10.3989/redc.2012.3.903.
  • Bongiovani, P., S. Miguel, and N. D. Gómez. 2013. “Open Access, Scientific Impact and the Scientific Production in Two Argentine Universities in the Field of Medicine [Acceso Abierto, Impacto Científico y La Producción Científica En Dos Universidades Argentinas En El Campo de La Medicina].” Revista Cubana de Informacion En Ciencias de La Salud 24(2):118–32.
  • Bongiovani, P., S. Miguel, and T. Hernández-Pérez. 2017. “Attitudes and Perceptions of Open Access Publishing among Researchers Who Evaluate Scientific Careers in Argentina [Actitudes y Percepciones de Los Evaluadores de La Carrera Científica En Argentina Sobre La Publicación En Acceso Abierto].” Revista Espanola de Documentacion Cientifica 40(2). doi: 10.3989/redc.2017.2.1404.
  • Borja, A., J. M. Garmendia, I. Menchaca, A. Uriarte, and Y. Sagarmínaga. 2019. “Yes, We Can! Large-Scale Integrative Assessment of European Regional Seas, Using Open Access Databases.” Frontiers in Marine Science 6(FEB). doi: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00019.
  • Borrego, Á. (2015), Measuring compliance with a Spanish Government open access mandate. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. doi: 10.1002/asi.23422
  • Borrego, Á. 2016. “Measuring Compliance with a Spanish Government Open Access Mandate.” Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology 67(4):757–64. doi: 10.1002/asi.23422.
  • Borrego, Á., L. Anglada, and E. Abadal. 2020. “Transformative Agreements: Do They Pave the Way to Open Access?” Learned Publishing. doi: 10.1002/leap.1347.
  • Bosch, X. 2008. “An Open Challenge. Open Access and the Challenges for Scientific Publishing.” EMBO Reports 9(5):404–8. doi: 10.1038/embor.2008.60.
  • Bosch, X. 2009. “A Reflection on Open-Access, Citation Counts, and the Future of Scientific Publishing.” Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis 57(2):91–93. doi: 10.1007/s00005-009-0016-y.
  • Bravo, B. R., and Ma. L. A. Díez. 2007. “E-Science and Open Access Repositories in Spain.” OCLC Systems and Services 23(4):363–71. doi: 10.1108/10650750710831501.
  • Buñuel Álvarez, J. C. 2009. “Journal of Primary Care Pediatrics: On Track to Open Access [Revista Pediatría de Atención Primaria: En Camino Hacia El Acceso Abierto].” Pediatria de Atencion Primaria 11(42):203–6.
  • Calderon, A., D. Colling, A. Huffman, K. Lassila-Perini, T. McCauley, A. Rao, A. Rodriguez-Marrero, and E. Sexton-Kennedy. 2015. “Open Access to High-Level Data and Analysis Tools in the CMS Experiment at the LHC.” in Journal of Physics: Conference Series. Vol. 664.
  • Calise, M., R. De Rosa, and X. F. I. Marín. 2010. “Electronic Publishing, Knowledge Sharing and Open Access: A New Environment for Political Science.” European Political Science 9(SUPPL. 1):S50–60. doi: 10.1057/eps.2010.35.
  • Carreño, R. L., and F. J. M. Méndez. 2015. “Current Trends in Bibliographic Description in Spanish Open Access Journals [Tendencias de La Descripción Bibliográfica En Revistas Españolas de Acceso Abierto].” Investigacion Bibliotecologica 29(65):15–38. doi: 10.1016/j.ibbai.2016.02.013.
  • Casanovas, P., and E. Plaza. 2012. “Advancing an Open Access Publication Model for Legal Information Institutes.” Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Including Subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) 7639 LNAI:171–88. doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-35731-2_12.
  • Casate-Fernández, R., and J. A. Senso-Ruiz. 2017. “Cuban Open Access Scientific Production in Scopus in the Period 2010-2014 [Producción Científica Cubana En Acceso Abierto En Scopus En El Período 2010-2014].” Revista Cubana de Informacion En Ciencias de La Salud 28(1):2–25.
  • Castro, N. R., J. J. M. Guervós, and A. P. Hinojosa. 2016. “Open Science through Open Source Software, Open Data and Open Access.” Boletin de Estadistica e Investigacion Operativa 32(1):83–90.
  • Castro, P., P. Gómez, and M. C. Cañadas. 2019. “Open Access Documentary Production of the Spanish-Speaking Community in Mathematics Education for Middle School Education [Producción Documental de Acceso Abierto de La Comunidad de Habla Hispana En Educación Matemática Para La Educación Media].” Bolema - Mathematics Education Bulletin 33(64):707–27. doi: 10.1590/1980-4415v33n64a13.
  • Cheok, A. D., and C. P. Ricart. 2017. “Welcome to MTI—a New Open Access Journal Dealing with Blue Sky Research and Future Trends in Multimodal Technologies and Interaction.” Multimodal Technologies and Interaction 1(1). doi: 10.3390/mti1010001.
  • Claudio-González, M. G., and A. Villarroya. 2015. “Challenges of Publishing Open Access Journals [Desafíos de La Edición de Revistas Científicas En Acceso Abierto].” Profesional de La Informacion 24(5):517–25. doi: 10.3145/epi.2015.sep.02.
  • Clemente, N. C. 2015. “The Lights and Shadows of the Open Access Regulatory Framework at the General Government Administration in Spain [Luces y Sombras Del Marco Normativo Del Acceso Abierto En La Administración General Del Estado En España].” Revista General de Informacion y Documentacion 25(2):245–63. doi: 10.5209/rev_RGID.2015.v25.n2.51234.
  • Codina, L. 2007. “Obtaining, Editing and Managing Images with Free and Open Access Resources [Obtención, Edición y Gestión de Imágenes Mediante Recursos de Libre Acceso].” Profesional de La Informacion 16(5):512–17. doi: 10.3145/epi.2007.sep.15.
  • Corbella, E. C., J. J. R. Alonso, C. Q. Luzon, and M. Gonzalez. 1995. “Open Access Echocardiography.” BMJ 311(7002):453. doi: 10.1136/bmj.311.7002.453b.
  • Dallemagne, G., V. del Arco, A. Montoya, and M. Pérez. 2015. “The Value of Open Access in Anthropology and Beyond.” Anthropology in Action 22(2):42–48. doi: 10.3167/aia.2015.220206.
  • Dal-Ré, R. 2019. “Plan S: Funders Are Committed to Open Access to Scientific Publication.” European Journal of Clinical Investigation 49(6). doi: 10.1111/eci.13100.
  • Daux, V., I. Garcia De Cortazar-Atauri, P. Yiou, I. Chuine, E. Garnier, E. Le Roy Ladurie, O. Mestre, and J. Tardaguila. 2012. “An Open-Access Database of Grape Harvest Dates for Climate Research: Data Description and Quality Assessment.” Climate of the Past 8(5):1403–18. doi: 10.5194/cp-8-1403-2012.
  • De Filippo, D., and J. Mañana-Rodríguez. 2020. “Open Access Initiatives in European Universities: Analysis of Their Implementation and the Visibility of Publications in the YERUN Network.” Scientometrics 125(3):2667–94. doi: 10.1007/s11192-020-03705-0.
  • De Granda-Orive, J. I., G. Segrelles-Calvo, and F. García-Río. 2015. “The Open Access Movement: A Chance to Re-Evaluate the Peer Review Process? [El Movimiento Open Access: ¿oportunidad Para Re-Evaluar El Proceso de Revisión Por Pares (Peer Review)?].” Archivos de Bronconeumologia 51(3):157–58. doi: 10.1016/j.arbr.2014.12.019.
  • De Koning, D. J., F. Jaffrézic, M. S. Lund, M. Watson, C. Channing, I. Hulsegge, M. H. Pool, B. Buitenhuis, J. Hedegaard, H. Hornshøj, L. Jiang, P. Sørensen, G. Marot, C. Delmas, K. A. Lê Cao, M. San Cristobal, M. D. Baron, R. Malinverni, A. Stella, R. M. Brunner, H. M. Seyfert, K. Jensen, D. Mouzaki, D. Waddington, Á. Jiménez-Marín, M. Pérez-Alegre, E. Pérez-Reinado, R. Closset, J. C. Detilleux, P. Dovč, M. Lavrič, H. Nie, and L. Janss. 2007. “The EADGENE Microarray Data Analysis Workshop (Open Access Publication).” Genetics Selection Evolution 39(6):621–31. doi: 10.1051/gse:2007028.
  • de la Hoz, C. F., E. Ramos, A. Acevedo, A. Puente, .J. Losada, and J. A. Juanes. 2018. “OCLE: A European Open Access Database on Climate Change Effects on Littoral and Oceanic Ecosystems.” Progress in Oceanography 168:222–31. doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2018.09.021.
  • de León, M. A. P., and L. A. I. de Ferrer. 2018. “From Open Access to Open Data: Collaborative Work in the University Libraries of Catalonia.” LIBER Quarterly 28(1). doi: 10.18352/lq.10253.
  • De-La-Cueva-González-Cotera, J. 2014. “El Nuevo Canon a Las Universidades: Tras La Apropiación Del Canon Digital Para Las Copias Privadas, La Del Open Access.” Profesional de La Informacion 23(2):183–89. doi: 10.3145/epi.2014.mar.11.
  • Delgado López-Cózar, E. 2015. “Open Access E-Journals: Past, Present, and Future [Las Revistas Electrónicas En Acceso Abierto: Pasado, Presente y Futuro].” RELIEVE - Revista Electronica de Investigacion y Evaluacion Educativa 21(1):1–15. doi: 10.7203/relieve.21.1.5005.
  • Diaz, O., K. Kushibar, R. Osuala, A. Linardos, L. Garrucho, L. Igual, P. Radeva, F. Prior, P. Gkontra, and K. Lekadir. 2021. “Data Preparation for Artificial Intelligence in Medical Imaging: A Comprehensive Guide to Open-Access Platforms and Tools.” Physica Medica 83:25–37. doi: 10.1016/j.ejmp.2021.02.007.
  • Domingo, I., C. Smith, G. Jackson, and D. Roman. 2020. “Hidden Sites, Hidden Images, Hidden Meanings: Does the Location and Visibility of Motifsand Sites Correlate to Restricted or Open Access?” Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 27(3):699–722. doi: 10.1007/s10816-020-09465-8.
  • Dorta-González, P., and Y. Santana-Jiménez. 2018. “Prevalence and Citation Advantage of Gold Open Access in the Subject Areas of the Scopus Database.” Research Evaluation 27(1):1–15. doi: 10.1093/reseval/rvx035.
  • Dorta-González, P., R. Suárez-Vega, and M. I. Dorta-González. 2020. “Open Access Effect on Uncitedness: A Large-Scale Study Controlling by Discipline, Source Type and Visibility.” Scientometrics 124(3):2619–44. doi: 10.1007/s11192-020-03557-8.
  • Dorta-González, P., S. M. González-Betancor, and M. I. Dorta-González. 2017. “Reconsidering the Gold Open Access Citation Advantage Postulate in a Multidisciplinary Context: An Analysis of the Subject Categories in the Web of Science Database 2009–2014.” Scientometrics 112(2):877–901. doi: 10.1007/s11192-017-2422-y.
  • Elizalde, E. 2013. “Galaxies: An International Multidisciplinary Open Access Journal.” Galaxies 1(1):1–5. doi: 10.3390/galaxies1010001.
  • Espinosa, J., D. Mas, J. Pérez, and A. B. Roig. 2013. “Open-Access Operating Algorithms for Commercial Videokeratographer and Improvement of Corneal Sampling.” Applied Optics 52(7):C24–29. doi: 10.1364/AO.52.000C24.
  • Feltrero, R. 2009. “Open Access: Possibilities and Epistemological Challenges for Scientific Publications on the Web [Acceso Abierto: Posibilidades y Retos Epistemológicos Para Las Publicaciones Científicas En La Red].” Arbor 185(737):597–609. doi: 10.3989/arbor.2009.i737.316.
  • Fernández, E., and A. Martínez Castelao. 2011. “The NEFRONA Project: Open-Access Database [Proyecto NEFRONA: Banco de Datos de Libre Utilización].” Nefrologia 31(1):5–8. doi: 10.3265/Nefrologia.pre2010.Dec.10787.
  • Fernández-Esparrach, G., A. Z. Gimeno-García, J. Llach, M. Pellisé, À. Ginès, F. Balaguer, A. Mata, A. Castells, and J. M. Bordas. 2007. “Guidelines for the Rational Use of Endoscopy to Improve the Detection of Relevant Lesions in an Open-Access Endoscopy Unit: A Prospective Study [Recomendaciones de Utilización de La Endoscopia: Análisis de La Probabilidad de Encontrar Lesiones Significativas En Los Pacientes Procedentes de La Atención Extrahospitalaria].” Medicina Clinica 129(6):205–8. doi: 10.1157/13107917.
  • Ferreras-Fernández, T., F. García-Peñalvo, J. A. Merlo-Vega, and H. Martín-Rodero. 2016. “Providing Open Access to PhD Theses: Visibility and Citation Benefits.” Program 50(4):399–416. doi: 10.1108/PROG-04-2016-0039.
  • Ferreras-Fernández, T., F. J. García-Peñalvo, and A. Merlo-Vega. 2015. “Open Access Repositories as Channel of Publication Scientific Grey Literature.” Pp. 419–26 in ACM International Conference Proceeding Series.
  • Ferreras-Fernández, T., J. A. Merlo-Vega, and F. J. García-Peñalvo. 2013a. “Impact of Scientific Content in Open Access Institutional Repositories. A Case Study of the Repository Gredos.” Pp. 357–63 in ACM International Conference Proceeding Series.
  • Ferreras-Fernández, T., J. A. Merlo-Vega, and F. J. García-Peñalvo. 2013b. “Science 2.0 Supported by Open Access Repositories and Open Linked Data.” Pp. 331–32 in ACM International Conference Proceeding Series.
  • Ferrer-Julia, M., E. García-Meléndez, and S. Alcalde-Aparicio. 2021. “Mapping Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity from Open-Access Soil Databases.” Catena 197. doi: 10.1016/j.catena.2020.104973.
  • Figuerola, S., C. Bock, J. F. Riera, E. Escalona, and J. A. García-Espín. 2013. “SODALES: An Integrated Wired-Wireless Open Access Architecture.” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference, ACP.
  • Fontana, A., L. Iturrino, D. Corens, and A. L. Crego. 2020. “Automated Open-Access Liquid Chromatography High Resolution Mass Spectrometry to Support Drug Discovery Projects.” Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis 178. doi: 10.1016/j.jpba.2019.112908.
  • Fox, R., N. A. D. Bourn, E. B. Dennis, R. T. Heafield, I. M. D. Maclean, and R. J. Wilson. 2019. “Opinions of Citizen Scientists on Open Access to UK Butterfly and Moth Occurrence Data.” Biodiversity and Conservation 28(12):3321–41. doi: 10.1007/s10531-019-01824-6.
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