In Poland Open Access is embraced and implemented almost independently by three different groups: librarians, researchers and government agencies. Even without coordination, systematic work of OA advocates results in a steadily growing number of OA journals (as of March 2021 , 696  indexed by DOAJ so far) and OA repositories (119 in OpenDOAR ).

Additionally, the general public also shows its support for the concept - the petition for Open Mandate initiated at the beginning of 2012 signed by over 10000 people, of which substantial amount did not claim academic affiliation. There are currently 7 OA policies registered in ROARMAP .

In July 2013 , the Polish Academy of Sciences and the Conference of Rectors of Academic Schools in Poland have jointly published a statement in support of the Green Road to Open Access, calling for institutional repositories to be established in all scientific units in the country. Finally, in October 2015 , the Ministry of Science and Higher Education (MNiSW) issued a document entitled „Kierunki rozwoju otwartego dostępu do treści naukowych w Polsce” (in Polish only; for a discussion of this document in English see the blog post "Poland: Initial open access policy") which sets specific OA recommendations for all major stakeholders in Poland. In 2018 , the Polish parliament passed the Law on Higher Education and Science, the so-called Law 2.0. It provided the framework for the reform of the higher education system.

2014: In Poland , the OpenAIRE partner Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling (ICM) announced an Open Access mandate .  Also in Poland, Open Science Platform Legal Assistant was launched - an interactive tool for scientists, publishers, research funders and research units was launched to provide a legal advice.

Enabling Environment

EIFL work with Poznan Foundation of Scientific Libraries a consortium of 12 members consisting of;

  • Poznań Libraries;

  • Poznan University of Technology;

  • Adam Mickiewicz University;

  • University of Economics;

  • University of Medical Sciences;

  • Academy of Agriculture;

  • The Raczynski Library;

  • Poznan Society of Friends of Science and Arts;

  • Academy of Physical Education;

  • Academy of Music;

  • Academy of Fine Arts;

  • Polish Academy of Sciences.

Three organisations have signed the Berlin Declaration: Collegium Artium; University of Warsaw; Wikimedia Polska.

OA advocacy is conducted by ICM University of Warsaw, EBIB Society, Coalition for Open Education, Creative Commons Poland, Digital Centre, Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics PAS and many other independent researchers and librarians. Government repeatedly surveys the academics for the possibility of introducing OA mandate for scholarly articles or theses.

In 2010 Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics Polish Academy of Science introduced OA mandate as a first institution in Poland. Polish Academy of Science could not introduce such a mandate on behalf of all institutes, but nevertheless shortly after IBB's mandate, PAS moved its journals to an Open Access platform.

OA fees are covered for authors depositing research from Polish institutions following an agreement between ICM University of Warsaw, acting on behalf of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, and Springer in May 2010. All faculty and students affiliated with an academic, educational or scientific research institute in Poland are now encouraged to make use of Springer’s Open Choice option.

ICM University of Warsaw also coordinates an initiative of building software layer of the national repository of scholarly works (project SYNAT). ICM UW already launched Centre for Open Science, the repository of OA scholarly works. Independently, the Federation of Digital Libraries of Poznan Supercomputing Centre created a federated repository of all open resources available at Polish libraries and academic institutions. Currently it holds over 1 million records.

Creative Commons Poland has been active since 2005 and is a key player. In 2009 it prepared "The Guide to Open Science"  which was mostly focused on OA.

Key Organizations

The Ministry of Science and Higher Education has the responsibility for research funding, developing and implementing research policy. The Ministry also assesses research institutions and research projects.

Communication address : Ministry of Science and Higher Education, 20 Hoża Street, 1/3 Wspólna Street,00-529 Warsaw 53, Poland.

National Centre for Research and Development (NCBiR) is a government funded agency with the responsibility for managing and implementing scientific research programmes. This includes commercialisation and practical implementation of research outputs and development programmes for scientists.

Communication address : National Centre for Research and Development, Nowogrodzka Str. 47a, 00-695 Warsaw, Poland; e-mail: sekretariat(at)

National Science Centre (NCN): Is a government funded agency similar to NCBiR, but focused on basic science. In case of introducing a national OA mandate, NCN will be responsible for introducing the policy in their grant calls.

Communication address : National Science Centre, ul. Królewska 57, 30-081 Cracow, Poland, email: biuro(at)

Events and Programs

  • Open up to Wikipedia. The virtual encyclopaedia as a tool for educators, librarians and people active in culture, 2019-10-28, Poland, Organized by Poznań University Library, Adam Mickiewicz University, Type: lecture, debate

  • Workshop on research data management, 2019-10-25, Poland, Organized by University of Łódź, Library, Type: workshop

  • Open educational resources in academic teaching, 2019-10-25, Poland, Organized by Paulina Szczucińska, OpenStax Poland, Type: webinarium

  • ScienceDirect and Mendeley: research publications at the tip of your finger, 2019-10-25, Poland, Organized by Library of Poznań University of Technology, Type: workshop

  • Scopus: support and assistance for researchers, 2019-10-25, Poland, Organized by Library of Poznań University of Technology, Type: workshop

  • Open educational resources in academic teaching, 2019-10-25, Poland, Organized by Lublin University of Technology, Type: presentation, debate

  • Open research data in social sciences and the humanities, 2019-10-25, Poland, Organized by Main Library of The Maria Grzegorzewska University, Type: lecture

  • 10th Week of Open Science at the Institute of Literary Research of the Polish Academy of Sciences, 2019-10-24, Poland, Organized by The Institute of Literary Research of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Type: meeting, lectures, debate

  • Open access policies. Practical consequences for researchers, 2019-10-24, Poland, Organized by The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, Type: discussion, meeting, lecture

  • Virtual Library of Science and open access publishing, 2019-10-24, Poland, Organized by Nicolaus Copernicus University Library, Type: training, session

  • Oxford Debate ”Science should be open”, 2019-10-24, Poland, Organized by Research and Library Information Centre of the Medical University in Łódź and partners: MP, BUŁ, BPŁ and PBW in Łódź, Type: oxford, debate

  • Safety on the net, 2019-10-24, Poland, Organized by Nicolaus Copernicus University Library, Type: workshop, for, teachers

  • 10th Open Access Seminar, 2019-10-23, Poland, Organized by Library University of Łódź, Type: seminar, workshop

  • Open Access Info Day, 2019-10-23, Poland, Organized by Main Library of Gdańsk University, Type: seminar

  • Workshop on research data management, 2019-10-23, Poland, Organized by The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, Type: workshop

  • Europeana digital platform for science and research, 2019-10-23, Poland, Organized by Library of Poznań University of Technology, Type: workshop

  • How to support science and education, 2019-10-23, Poland, Organized by Main Library of Warsaw University of Technology, Type: seminar

  • Promotion of the national heritage collection within the context of open science and the digital humanities, 2019-10-23, Poland, Organized by Nicolaus Copernicus University Library, Type: talk, multimedia

  • JKU INSTITUTIONAL REPOSITORY – STEP BY STEP, 2019-10-22, Poland, Organized by Library of The Jan Kochanowski University in Kielce (JKU), Type: training, session

  • Openness for whom? Wide access to knowledge, 2019-10-22, Poland, Organized by Jagiellonian Library of the Jagiellonian University, Type: lectures

  • Information campaign on open access to knowledge, 2019-10-22, Poland, Organized by Main Library of Częstochowa University of Technology, Library Section of Polish Teachers’ Union (ZNP), Type: information, campaign

  • Open Access Week Seminar, 2019-10-22, Poland, Organized by Library of the Łódź University of Technology, Type: lectures, presentations

  • Virtual Library of Science and open publishing, 2019-10-22, Poland, Organized by Library of Poznań University of Technology, Type: workshop

  • Open science, informal chat meeting over coffee or tea, 2019-10-21, Poland, Organized by The J. Giedroyć University Library, Type: informal, meetings

  • Open Access Week Poland, 2019-10-21, Poland, Organized by Coalition for Open Education, Type: raport

  • Laboratory classes for students, 2019-10-21, Poland, Organized by Ewa Białek / Pomorska Academy in Słupsk, Type: laboratory, classes

  • Research data management – general information and development of strategies and plans necessary for grant submissions, 2019-10-21, Poland, Organized by University Library in Toruń, Type: training, session

  • Open educational resources in academic teaching, 2019-10-21, Poland, Organized by University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Type: presentation

  • III Open Science Conference (PKOS), 2019-10-14, Poland, Organized by Gdańsk University of Technology, Type: conference, workshop

  • OA general information and an e-course, 2019-10-10, Poland, Organized by The Library of Cracow University of Technology, Type: homepage, e-course

  • Library Connect, 2018-11-13, Poland, Organized by Adam Mickiewicz University Library, Type: seminar

  • Open knowledge resources for higher education, 2018-10-25, Poland, Organized by The Library of Czestochowa University of Technology, Type: presentation, films, information, promotion, contest

  • Open Science - open seminar, 2018-10-25, Poland, Organized by The Warmia & Mazury University Library, Type: seminar

  • Open licences at the Academy of Special Education, Warsaw, 2018-10-25, Poland, Organized by Ewa Majdecka, Institute of Applied Social Sciences, University of Warsaw, Type: training

  • TuEuropeana 2018, 2018-10-24, Poland, Organized by , Type: seminar, workshop

  • Design your openness, 2018-10-24, Poland, Organized by Marzena Marcinek, Type: posters, workshops

  • Publish your scientific articles in OA, 2018-10-24, Poland, Organized by Agnieszka Goszczńska, Type: workshop, information, posters

  • Publish in OA - workshop, 2018-10-24, Poland, Organized by Agnieszka Goszczńska, Type: workshop

  • Open Educational Resources for academic teachers, 2018-10-24, Poland, Organized by Karolina Grodecka, Type: webinar

  • Everything open - indexing, searching and access to publications in DOAJ and DOAB., 2018-10-24, Poland, Organized by Dr Natalia Pamuła-Cieślak, Institute of Information Science and Book Studies, Type: lecture

  • Lectures, films and poster session to celebrate OA Week, 2018-10-23, Poland, Organized by Jagiellonian Library of the Jagiellonian University, Type: lectures, films, posters

  • OA to publications by IEEE, 2018-10-23, Poland, Organized by Anna Abramowska, EBSCO, Type: workshop

  • Open access and... Polish affair, 2018-10-23, Poland, Organized by dr Sebastian Grudzień, The Jagiellonian Library, Type: lecture

  • Open access to Polish repositories and digital libraries, 2018-10-23, Poland, Organized by Leszek Szafrański, The Jagillonian Library, Type: lecture

  • Creative Commons - open licenses at the university, 2018-10-23, Poland, Organized by Kamil Śliwoski, Type: webinar

  • How to prepare for the revolution of open access, 2018-10-23, Poland, Organized by Open Science Platform, Type: seminar

  • Copyright and free licences in open science, 2018-10-23, Poland, Organized by Marzena Marcinek, Type: lecture, training

  • IX Open Access Seminar, 2018-10-23, Poland, Organized by The Library of the University of Lodz, Type: seminar

  • Publish your scientific articles in OA, 2018-10-22, Poland, Organized by Agnieszka Goszczńska, Zielona Gora University Library, Type: workshop, information, posters

  • Events organized by the Library of the University of Lodz, 2018-10-22, Poland, Organized by , Type: workshops, seminar, film

  • OA and CC hands-on training at Pomeranian University in Słupsk, 2018-10-22, Poland, Organized by Ewa Białek, Pomeranian University, Type: laboratory

  • Interviews with Polish scientists, 2018-10-22, Poland, Organized by Borys Kozielski, Coalition for Open Science, Type: interviews

  • OA posters at Wroclaw University of Technology, 2018-10-22, Poland, Organized by The Library of Wroclaw University of Technology, Type: poster, events

  • Open Science Day, 2018-10-22, Poland, Organized by The Library of Warsaw School of Economics, Type: seminars, information, promotion

  • Basic information about open science for PhD students, 2018-10-22, Poland, Organized by Marta Stąporek & Joanna Radzicka, CUT Library, Type: workshop

  • Open U-MED, 2018-10-22, Poland, Organized by The Information and Library Centre of the Medical University in Lodz, Type: seminar

  • Open source content management systems for open science, 2018-10-22, Poland, Organized by Dr Dominik Mirosław Piotrowsk, Type: lecture

  • Open educational resources in teaching practice, 2018-10-22, Poland, Organized by Kamil Śliwowski, Type: workshop

  • Copyright workshop at the Library of Lodz University of Technology, 2018-10-22, Poland, Organized by Iwona Sójkowska, Type: workshop, promotional, event

  • Initiatives of the Coalition for Open Education and the EBIB Association, 2018-10-21, Poland, Organized by The Coalition for Open Education and the EBIB Association, Type: promotion

  • OA Week at Gdansk University of Technology, 2018-10-15, Poland, Organized by Marzena Marcinek, Type: film, webinars, tutorials, posters, promotion

  • Poland OAW 2018, 2018-10-01, Poland, Organized by Bożena Bednarek-Michalska, Type: new, page, and, polish, promotional, materials

  • CC licenses – workshop for university lawyers, 2017-10-27, Poland, Organized by Biblioteka Uniwersytecka UMK, Type: workshop

  • Knowledge for everyone. Open Access resources as a source of scientific information, 2017-10-26, Poland, Organized by Library of Zielona Góra University, Type: lecture

  • The structure of copyright agreements, 2017-10-26, Poland, Organized by Digital Humanities Laboratory, Type: workshop

  • Open Access workshops, 2017-10-25, Poland, Organized by Library of Czetochowa University of Technology, Type: workshop

  • Meeting with Wikipedia: How to edit Wikipedia in OpenGLAM style?, 2017-10-25, Poland, Organized by The National Ethnographic Museum in Warsaw, Type: workshop

  • Open science - APS Open, 2017-10-25, Poland, Organized by Akademia Pedagogiki Specjalnej, Type: seminar

  • Open Access Week - information day at the University of Gdansk, 2017-10-24, Poland, Organized by Gdańsk University, Type: meeting

  • Openness to ... read us, or what Open Access gives us, 2017-10-24, Poland, Organized by Akademia Ingnatianum w Krakowie, Type: seminar

  • Open Access to scientific publications - MNiSW recommendations, 2017-10-24, Poland, Organized by Library of the University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Type: seminar

  • Academic Digital Library - a library without barriers, 2017-10-24, Poland, Organized by Poznań University Library, Type: lecture

  • The Pomeranian Open Science Conference Openness of Knowledge Sharing and Promotion of Research Achievements, 2017-10-23, Poland, Organized by Gdańsk University of Technology, Type: conference

  • Open Access Week, 2017-10-23, Poland, Organized by Pomeranian University, Type: laboratory, classes

  • Realization of the assumptions of openness in science, 2017-10-23, Poland, Organized by Institute of Nuclear Physics PAS, Type: lecture

  • Open Access Week 2017 in Jagiellonian Library, 2017-10-23, Poland, Organized by Jagiellonian Library, Type: lecture

  • Applicative publishing in Open Access, 2017-10-23, Poland, Organized by PUT Library, Type: meeting

  • 8th Open Access Seminar, 2017-10-21, Poland, Organized by Library University of Łódź, Type: seminar

  • Open Access-Seminar, 2016-10-25, Poland, Organized by Center for Scientific and Technical Information of Wroclaw University of Technology, Type: open, seminar

  • Open Access Seminar, 2016-10-25, Poland, Organized by Center for Scientific and Technical Information of Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, Type: open, seminar

  • Bozena Bednarek-Michalska, 2016-10-18, Poland, Organized by Bożena Bednarek-Michalska, Type: polish, events

  • 26-27 May 2015: Training the trainers for OA and Open Science, Poland- Centrum Cyfrowe and Centre of e-Learning of AGH – University of Science and Technology hosted a FOSTER co-funded workshop on open access (OA) and Open Science.

  • 7-8 May 2015: OA AND OPEN POLICY TRAINING AT THE NATIONAL SCIENCE CENTRE, POLAND - FOSTER training session aimed to help National Science Centre staff understand the changes that are happening in research communication in Poland and around the world. Centrum Cyfrowe and ICM (Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modeling, University of Warsaw) ran a FOSTER (Facilitate Open Science Training for European Research) co-funded training session about open access (OA) for the staff of the National Science Centre in Kraków, Poland. Participants were trained on how to inform researchers that receive funding from the National Science Centre about the possibilities and advantages of OA, as well as learning how to implement an open policy at the National Science Centre.

  • „Digital means of scientific communication and the development of Polish language research”, 2015-10-20, Poland, Organized by Digital Humanities Centre, Type: debate

  • "Legal aspects of OA in research and education" - webinar, 2015-10-19, Poland, Organized by Foundation Laboratory of Research and Social Action „SocLab”, Type: webinar

  • "Institutional repository as a window of opportunity for scientist and institution - case study of AMUR", 2015-10-19, Poland, Organized by Małgorzata Rychlik, Type: lecture


  • Ambure, P., R. B. Aher, A. Gajewicz, T. Puzyn, and K. Roy. 2015. “‘NanoBRIDGES’ Software: Open Access Tools to Perform QSAR and Nano-QSAR Modeling.” Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems 147:1–13. doi: 10.1016/j.chemolab.2015.07.007.

  • Bednarek-Michalska,B (2007) Open access in Poland. Torun, Poland.

  • Chauvin, M., D. Borys, F. Botta, P. Bzowski, J. Dabin, A. M. Denis-Bacelar, A. Desbrée, N. Falzone, B. Q. Lee, A. Mairani, A. Malaroda, G. Mathieu, E. McKay, E. Mora-Ramirez, A. P. Robinson, D. Sarrut, L. Struelens, A. V. Gil, and M. Bardiès. 2020. “OpenDose: Open-Access Resource for Nuclear Medicine Dosimetry.” Journal of Nuclear Medicine : Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine 61(10):1514–19. doi: 10.2967/jnumed.119.240366.

  • During OAW2014 the Polish translation of Peter Suber’s book "Open Access" was presented,  prepared by the Open Science Platform team and made available in open access in mobile formats.

  • Dyderski, M. K., J. Mucha, and M. Pietras. 2020. “‘Dendrobiology’ – an Open-Access Journal of Tree Biology and Ecology.” Dendrobiology 85:1–2. doi: 10.12657/DENBIO.085.001.

  • Gil, D., A. Michalski, P. Besser, M. Gonciarz, J. Goniewicz, J. Hartleb, J. Pruszowski, and Z. Gonciarz. 1995. “Open Access to the Upper Gastrointestinal Tract Endoscopy Does Not Increase the Number of ‘unnecessary Examinations’ [SZEROKO DOSTEPNA ENDOSKOPIA GORNEGO ODCINKA PRZEWODU POKARMOWEGO NIE ZWIEKSZA LICZBY ’BADAN NIEPOTRZEBNYCH’].” Acta Endoscopica Polona 5(1):43–45.

  • Grygoruk, D. 2016. “Open Access to Research Data in the Data Warehouse of the Forest Research Institute.” Folia Forestalia Polonica, Series A 58(3):178–79. doi: 10.1515/ffp-2016-0020.

  • Grzybowski, A., and P. Brona. 2019. “Re: Le et al.: Open Access Journals in Ophthalmology and Vision Science: All That Glitters Is Not Gold (Ophthalmology. 2018;125:1314-1316).” Ophthalmology 126(4):e28. doi: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2018.11.006.

  • Haungs, A., D. Kang, S. Schoo, D. Wochele, J. Wochele, W. D. Apel, J. C. Arteaga-Velázquez, K. Bekk, M. Bertaina, J. Blümer, H. Bozdog, I. M. Brancus, E. Cantoni, A. Chiavassa, F. Cossavella, K. Daumiller, V. de Souza, F. Di Pierro, P. Doll, R. Engel, B. Fuchs, D. Fuhrmann, A. Gherghel-Lascu, H. J. Gils, R. Glasstetter, C. Grupen, D. Heck, J. R. Hörandel, T. Huege, K. H. Kampert, H. O. Klages, K. Link, P. Łuczak, H. J. Mathes, H. J. Mayer, J. Milke, B. Mitrica, C. Morello, J. Oehlschläger, S. Ostapchenko, M. Petcu, T. Pierog, H. Rebel, M. Roth, H. Schieler, F. G. Schröder, O. Sima, G. Toma, G. C. Trinchero, H. Ulrich, A. Weindl, and J. Zabierowski. 2018. “The KASCADE Cosmic-Ray Data Centre KCDC: Granting Open Access to Astroparticle Physics Research Data.” European Physical Journal C 78(9). doi: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-018-6221-2.

  • Henle, K., S. Bell, L. Brotons, J. Clobert, D. Evans, C. Görg, M. Grodzinska-Jurczak, B. Gruber, Y. Haila, P. Y. Henry, A. Huth, R. Julliard, P. Keil, M. Kleyer, D. Johan Kotze, W. Kunin, S. Lengyel, Y. P. Lin, A. Loyau, G. W. Luck, W. Magnusson, C. Margules, Y. Matsinos, P. May, I. Sousa-Pinto, H. Possingham, S. Potts, I. Ring, J. S. Pryke, M. J. Samways, D. Saunders, D. Schmeller, J. Similä, S. Sommer, I. Steffan-Dewenter, P. Stoev, M. T. Sykes, B. Tóthmérész, J. Tzanopoulos, R. Yam, and L. Penev. 2012. “Nature Conservation - A New Dimension in Open Access Publishing Bridging Science and Application.” Nature Conservation 1:1–10. doi: 10.3897/natureconservation.1.3081.

  • Hudzik, B., and L. Polonski. 2014. “Open-Access.Com.” International Journal of Cardiology 171(2):284. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2013.11.083.

  • ICM UW (2011) Implementation and promotion of OA. Report commissioned by Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education.

  • Kattge, J., G. Bönisch, S. Díaz, S. Lavorel, I. C. Prentice, P. Leadley, S. Tautenhahn, G. D. A. Werner, T. Aakala, M. Abedi, A. T. R. Acosta, G. C. Adamidis, K. Adamson, M. Aiba, C. H. Albert, J. M. Alcántara, C. Alcázar C, I. Aleixo, H. Ali, B. Amiaud, C. Ammer, M. M. Amoroso, M. Anand, C. Anderson, N. Anten, J. Antos, D. M. G. Apgaua, T. L. Ashman, D. H. Asmara, G. P. Asner, M. Aspinwall, O. Atkin, I. Aubin, L. Baastrup-Spohr, K. Bahalkeh, M. Bahn, T. Baker, W. J. Baker, J. P. Bakker, D. Baldocchi, J. Baltzer, A. Banerjee, A. Baranger, J. Barlow, D. R. Barneche, Z. Baruch, D. Bastianelli, J. Battles, W. Bauerle, M. Bauters, E. Bazzato, M. Beckmann, H. Beeckman, C. Beierkuhnlein, R. Bekker, G. Belfry, M. Belluau, M. Beloiu, R. Benavides, L. Benomar, M. L. Berdugo-Lattke, E. Berenguer, R. Bergamin, J. Bergmann, M. Bergmann Carlucci, L. Berner, M. Bernhardt-Römermann, C. Bigler, A. D. Bjorkman, C. Blackman, C. Blanco, B. Blonder, D. Blumenthal, K. T. Bocanegra-González, P. 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