Netherlands has a strong OA awareness and an active promotion of open access through institutional mandates, funder mandates, the establishment of OA repositories and OA publishing agreements.

The International Open Access week has been celebrated yearly since 2009 under the coordination of SURF.

As of March 2021, OpenDOAR registers 73 OA institutional repositories in the Netherlands and DOAJ indexes 290 Dutch journals.

ROARMAP registers 12 OA policies.

The Netherlands has an important, globally operating scientific publishing industry: with Elsevier, Kluwer and Brill as important examples. These companies experiment with Open Access publishing in various degrees.

In December 2014, the Dutch universities reached an agreement with the Publisher Springer on Open Access publishing for Dutch (corresponding) authors in 2015 and 2016. Under the Agreement, all articles published by corresponding authors affiliated with a Dutch VSNU or NFU member institution will be published in Open Access free of charge for the author. The agreement covers around 1500 journals within the Springer OpenChoice program. Journals form Learned Societies, and journals in BiomedCentral and SpringerOpen are not covered by this agreement. The agreement applies to all articles accepted in the eligible journals as of January 1st 2015.

Amsterdam is also the headquarters of the publishing behemoth Elsevier that dominates the medical and scientific publishing market. Elsevier recently caused controversy by unexpectedly changing its sharing and hosting policy, and is able to use its considerable resources as a major Dutch taxpayer to lobby for industry interests. Particularly controversial was its decision to reinstate embargoes for voluntary deposit of accepted manuscripts into institutional repositories like Research@StAndrews:FullText. It also introduced a policy to apply the most restrictive Creative Commons license (CC-BY-NC-ND) to accepted manuscripts against the spirit of many funder mandates and sitting uncomfortably alongside an embargo period. A statement has already been signed by many international organizations against the policy.

On 2 April 2015,  CERN and Elsevier announced that articles published by CERN authors Elsevier Physics journals that are not covered by the SCOAP3 Open Access initiative will now be Open Access. Thanks to this agreement, CERN results in fields such as nuclear physics, instrumentation, astroparticle physics and scientific computing will appear as Open Access articles, with copyright retained by CERN and its authors, and reuse determined by Creative Commons CC-BY licenses. This allows CERN to progress further towards its stated target of 100% ‘gold’ Open Access for all of its physics results as of 2015. This new agreement covers all articles with at least one author affiliated to CERN, published in 2015 and 2016 in the Elsevier journals: Nuclear Instruments and Methods A (link is external), Nuclear Physics A (link is external), Physics of the Dark Universe (link is external) and SoftwareX (link is external). These conditions have also been retroactively extended to eligible articles that were published in 2014 in the same journals. CERN and Elsevier, together with a consortium of thousands of libraries from all over the world, are already successfully cooperating in the SCOAP3 initiative (link is external), a separate agreement that has converted important scientific journals such as Elsevier’s Physics Letters B (link is external) and Nuclear Physics B (link is external) to Open Access at no cost for any author worldwide.

Enabling Environment

The Berlin Declaration has been signed by 20 Dutch Institutions, including the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW), the Netherlands Association of Universities (VSNU) and of Universities of Applied Sciences (Vereniging Hogescholen), the Associ and the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO).

NWO, the major Dutch research funder, pursues a strong OA policy, inter alia by providing a grants programme for the costs of author fees. OA to data is important for NOW as well. The website provides information and promotes OA.

Utrecht Publishing and Archiving Services, (Igitur) and Amsterdam University Press are major OA publishers. AUP publishes scientific monographs via OAPEN.

In April 2015, work translating the SHERPA/RoMEO interface into Dutch was completed and released while the translation of the publisher policies continues.  There is also a national website for Open Access supported by Utrecht University Library.

FREYA was a 3-year project (December 2017 - December 2020) in which twelve partners were involved. The project aimed to build the infrastructure for persistent identifiers (PIDs) as a core component of open science, in the EU and globally. Goal of FREYA was to improve discovery, navigation, retrieval, and access of research resources.

National and Institutional Level Policies/Mandates

The Netherlands Ministry of Education, Culture and Sciences is in favor of Open Access but it lacks a specific Open Access policy in written form.

In a letter dated 07.04.2011 State Secretary Zijlstra informed Parliament that the government approves of the OA policies of KNAW and NWO and supports these to the best of her abilities, conform the axiom that what is paid with public money should be publicly available.

The Erasmus University Rotterdam and KNAW have an institutional mandate; Wageningen UR and VU University Amsterdam have thesis mandates.

Potential Barriers

      Insufficient awareness of OA amongst individual researches;

      Only a minority of universities have an institutional mandate;

      Possible misunderstanding on issues of copyright and intellectual property.

      Only four universities have an OA fund.


Key Organizations

National Platform Open Science: In February 2017 the National Plan Open Science in the Netherlands was published. This Plan shows the ambition of the involved institutes towards Open Science. The implementation of this plan will be followed up by the National Platform Open Science. Together with the publishing of the plan a new website was launched: National Platform Open Science.

Keur der Wetenschap – free access to the scholarly output of the best Dutch scientist as a means to raise awareness. To read more about the project.

Data Seal of Approvalguidelines for good data repositories

KB international e-depot - digital repository for scientific publications with a specifically long-term perspective:

Open Access Publishing in European Networks' (OAPEN) - freely accessible academic books, mainly in the area of Humanities and Social Sciences.

NARCIS - gateway to scholarly information in the Netherlands (universities):

HBO kennisbank - public access to the results of research done by Dutch Universities of Applied Science.

DANS is project leader of FAIRsFAIR. The ambition of FAIRsFAIR is to assist the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC) governance bodies to deliver FAIR-aligned Rules of Participation in the EOSC. These rules will be designed to establish FAIR compliance of components and practices. Moreover, FAIRsFAIR will open up and share all knowledge, expertise, guidelines, implementations, new trajectories, courses and education needed to turn FAIR Principles into reality.

SURF foundation

Overview: Collaborative organisation to promote effective and innovative use of technology in universities, research institutes and organisations.

Projects: SURFshare: aims to develop an infrastructure that will facilitate access to research information and make it possible for researchers to share scientific and scholarly information using latest ICT technology.

Communication address: SURFfoundation, Hojel City Center, building D (5th floor), Graadt van Roggenweg 340, 3531 AH UTRECHT, Netherlands; e info(at)

Association of Universities in the Netherlands (VSNU)

Overview: Represents and promotes staff and activities in 14 research Universities: Delft University of Technology (TUD); Eindhoven University of Technology (TUe); University of Twente (UT); Wageningen University; Erasmus University Rotterdam; Leiden University; Maastricht University; Radboud University Nijmegen; Tilburg University; University of Amsterdam; University of Groningen; Utrecht University; VU University Amsterdam; Open Universiteit in the Netherlands.

Projects: OA Publishing agreement with Springer to make available articles by Dutch researchers in Springer journals will be made available Open Access, with author's approval.

Communication address: Vereniging van universiteiten, Lange Houtstraat 2, Postbus 13739, 2501 ES Den Haag, Netherlands; e-mail: post(at)

Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO)

Overview: NWO is the main funder of scientific research at universities and institutes through subsidies and research programmes. Participates in European association of the heads of research funding organisations and research performing organisations (EUROHORCs) and the European Science Foundation (ESF) as well as in their combined Roadmap. NWO has adopted the Gold OA programme for its funded research and where this is not possible, supports the Green OA programme. NWO has further mandated OA publishing through an “Incentive Fund Open Access” that assists organisations in making humanities research available through OA.

Projects:  NWO made 2, 5 million Euros available in 2010 for the support of OA which includes conversion of existing humanities journals to OA format.

Project web links: NWO and Open Access ; Incentive Fund Open Access - Journals in the Humanities

Communication address: P.O Box 93138 - NL2509 AC Den Haag, Netherlands; email: nwo(at)

Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW)

Overview: KNAW coordinates the work of 18 research institutes throughout the country in the humanities, social sciences, the life sciences and science and government policy. It serves as an advisory body to the Ditch government, KNAW does not have an OA mandate.

Projects: KNAW is involved in a number of projects aimed at facilitating access to research output. Two main initiatives are National Academic Research and Collaborations Information System (NARCIS): the national portal for those who are in search of information about researchers and their work and Data Archiving and Networked Services (DANS) to provide access to datasets by developing data infrastructures in organisations.

Communication address: P.O. Box 19121, NL-1000 GC Amsterdam, Netherlands; e-mail: knaw(at)

National Library of the Netherlands (KB)

Overview: KB is the national library of the Netherlands aiming to provide permanent access to everything published in and about the Netherlands.

Projects: There are a number of thematic project collections but no specific OA projects.

Communication address: Koninklijke Bibliotheek, P.O. Box 90407, 2509 LK Den Haag, Netherlands

Data Archiving and Networked Services (DANS)

International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) secretariat based in the Netherlands

Association of European Research Libraries (LIBER) secretariat based in the Netherlands

Events and Programs

     21 February 2020, A milestone in 2019. More than 10,000 open access articles available through transformative agreements in the Netherlands

     Open Access - The Business of Scholarship / European premiere: Paywall: The Business of Scholarship, 2018-10-09, Netherlands, Organized by Erasmus University, Type: congress, film screening

     International Open Access Week 2017 - activities in the Netherlands, 2017-10-23, Netherlands, Organized by Jeroen Sondervan, Type: seminars, workshops

     Open Access week 2016 in the Netherlands, 2016-10-24, Netherlands, Organized by Jeroen Sondervan, Type: seminars

     Open access symposium "Research without paywalls", 2015-10-22, Netherlands, Organized by Margreet Nieborg, Type: symposium

     Launch of Research Data Journal for the Humanities and Social Sciences, 2015-10-20, Netherlands, Organized by Dirk Roorda, Type: research, colloquium

     Open Access: Who Takes the Plunge?, Discussion by Gerard Meijer, moderation by Martijn van Calmthout (De Volkskrant), 2015-10-19, Netherlands, Organized by Radboud Reflects, Type: discussion

     October 2015: VU University Amsterdam: “Connecting research data: Best practices for data sharing and data reuse”. This was a FOSTER-supported training programme organized in partnership with EIFL with the aim of setting in place sustainable mechanisms for EU researchers to Foster Open Science. This was one of the 24 training programmes organized in 2015 for the the research communities of 17 other EU countries.

     September 2015: Amsterdam will be hosting the 7th Conference on Open Access Scholarly Publishing.

     Workshop WP5: Policy guidelines for open access and data preservation and dissemination workshop — 25 September 2014, Meervart Conference Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands., 2014-09-25, Netherlands, Organized by RECODE Project, Type: open

     Open Access Week activities take place annually at HE institutions in Netherlands. Support for the promotion of open access is provided by SURF, the collaborative organisation for research universities, research institutes and universities of applied sciences in the Netherlands. All information on open access in the Netherlands can be found at:

     In 2009 “Open Access Doctors on Call” at Leiden University where library staff were available to help researchers upload publications to the university’s repository. As a result, more than 300 new scientific and scholarly publications were uploaded’.

     Open Access T-shirts were also distributed at Eindhoven University of Technology and Tilberg University. 

     In 2010, activities included OA slogans printed on plastic cups in all the coffee dispensers at Eindhoven University of Technology and a symposium on “How to write a world-class paper” at Wageningen University and Research Centre (WUR).

     25 September 2014: RECODE held its fifth workshop "Policy guidelines for open access and data preservation and dissemination workshop”. The workshop was held at the Meervart Conference Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

     How librarians can help researchers navigate open access choices, 2013-10-17, Netherlands, Organized by Colleen DeLory, Type: webinar

     19 March 2013: Articles are so 60's: New Models for Content Dissemination, Beyond the PDF2, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

     Lunch Seminar on Open Access, 2012-10-22, Netherlands, Organized by LP Darvis, Type: seminar

     Dutch Open Access week, 2010-10-11, Netherlands, Organized by Coordinated by Annemiek van der Kuil, Type: miscelleneous

     Free webinars on Mobile devices in higher education and on Open Educational Resources, 2010-10-07, Netherlands, Organized by OpenU, Type: webinar


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     Alkhawtani, R. H. M., T. C. Kwee, and R. M. Kwee. 2020. “Citation Advantage for Open Access Articles in European Radiology.” European Radiology 30(1):482–86. doi: 10.1007/s00330-019-06389-0.

     Allebeck, P., D. Z. Paget, and I. Nagyova. 2021. “Time to Move to Open Access.” European Journal of Public Health 31(1):1. doi: 10.1093/eurpub/ckaa231.

     Allen, R., W. Bayliff, J. Joseph, and D. Squires. 2010. The Benefits and Costs of Transformation of Open Access on the High Seas.

     Arns, M. 2014. “Open Access Is Tiring out Peer Reviewers.” Nature 515(7528):467. doi: 10.1038/515467a.

     Avital, M., B. C. Björk, R. J. Boland, K. Crowston, K. Lyytinen, and A. Majchrzak. 2009. “ICIS 2008 Panel Report: Open Access Publishing to Nurture the Sprouts of Knowledge and the Future of Information Systems Research.” Communications of the Association for Information Systems 24(1):509–22. doi: 10.17705/1cais.02430.

     Avital, M., B. C. Björk, R. J. Boland, K. Crowston, and A. Majchrzak. 2008. “Open Access Publishing and the Future of Information Systems Research [La Publication En Open Access Et L’avenir de La Recherche Sur Les Systèmes D’information].” in ICIS 2008 Proceedings - Twenty Ninth International Conference on Information Systems.

     Ayris, P., L. Björnshauge, M. Collier, E. Ferwerda, N. Jacobs, K. Sinikara, S. de Vries, and A. van Wesenbeeck. 2015. “LERU Roadmap towards Open Access.” International Microbiology 18(3):195–202. doi: 10.2436/20.1501.01.250.

     Banks, M. 2013. “The Reality of Open Access.” Physics World 26(8):22–27. doi: 10.1088/2058-7058/26/08/36.

     Baur, L. H. B., L. Veenstra, T. Lenderink, C. L. B. Lodewijks-van Der Bolt, R. A. G. Winkens, F. L. M. Soomers, and H. E. J. H. Stoffers. 2006. “Open Access Echocardiography Is Feasible in the Netherlands.” Netherlands Heart Journal 14(11):361–65.

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     van den Brink, R. B. A. 2013. “Open Access Echocardiography: From High Budget to Low Budget Referral, but What about Quality of Patient Care and Delayed Referral to the Cardiologist?” Netherlands Heart Journal 21(9):396–98. doi: 10.1007/s12471-013-0454-3.

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     Bruijnen, P., W. J. Plug, G. Van Yperen, and W. Botermans. 2016. “Integrated Development of Europe’s Largest Open-Access Underground Gas Storage by Use of a Multidisciplinary Simulator.” in Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Europec Featured at 78th EAGE Conference and Exhibition.

     Bulte, E., H. Folmer, and W. Heijman. 1995. “Open Access, Common Property and Scarcity Rent in Fisheries.” Environmental & Resource Economics 6(4):309–20. doi: 10.1007/BF00691816.

     Bulte, E. H. 2003. “Open Access Harvesting of Wildlife: The Poaching Pit and Conservation of Endangered Species.” Agricultural Economics 28(1):27–37. doi: 10.1016/S0169-5150(02)00036-1.

     Cauwe, M., C. Rentrop, L. Clerc, K. Keränen, and T. Marsden. 2018. “Open-Access Pilot Line to Accelerate Industrial Uptake of Hybrid Printed Electronics.” Pp. 31–38 in Smart Systems Integration 2018 - International Conference and Exhibition on Integration Issues of Miniaturized Systems.

     Chan, Y., M. Tung, A. S. Garruss, S. W. Zaranek, Y. K. Chan, J. E. Lunshof, A. W. Zaranek, M. P. Ball, M. F. Chou, E. T. Lim, and G. M. Church. 2017. “An Unbiased Index to Quantify Participant’s Phenotypic Contribution to an Open-Access Cohort.” Scientific Reports 7. doi: 10.1038/srep46148.

     Cockerill, M. J., and B. G. J. Knols. 2008. “Open Access to Research for the Developing World.” Issues in Science and Technology 24(2):65–69.

     Costello, M. J., W. Appeltans, N. Bailly, W. G. Berendsohn, Y. De Jong, M. Edwards, R. Froese, F. Huettmann, W. Los, J. Mees, H. Segers, and F. A. Bisby. 2014. “Strategies for the Sustainability of Online Open-Access Biodiversity Databases.” Biological Conservation 173:155–65. doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2013.07.042.

     Dallmeier-Tiessen, S., R. Darby, B. Goerner, J. Hyppoelae, P. Igo-Kemenes, D. Kahn, S. Lambert, A. Lengenfelder, C. Leonard, S. Mele, M. Nowicka, P. Polydoratou, D. Ross, S. Ruiz-Perez, R. Schimmer, M. Swaisland, and W. Van Der Stelt. 2011. “Open Access Journals - What Publishers Offer, What Researchers Want.” Information Services and Use 31(1–2):85–91. doi: 10.3233/ISU-2011-0624.

     Das, M., and M. Knoef. 2018. Experimental and Longitudinal Data for Scientific and Policy Research: Open Access to Data Collected in the Longitudinal Internet Studies for the Social Sciences (LISS) Panel.

     Davies, M. C. R., P. Ayris, G. Stone, J. Cheshire, R. Jackson, A. Hacker, M. Bunz, E. Ferwerda, H. Newton, M. Dacos, P. Mounier, and Y. Neuman. 2014. “How Should We Fund Open Access Monographs and What Do You Think Is the Most Likely Way That Funding Will Happen?” Insights: The UKSG Journal 27(SUPPL. 1):45–50. doi: 10.1629/2048-7754.164.

     De Castro, P. 2016. “The OpenAIRE2020 FP7 Post-Grant Open Access Pilot: Implementing a European-Wide Funding Initiative for Open Access Publishing Costs.” Information Services and Use 35(4):235–41. doi: 10.3233/ISU-150786.

     De Kluiver, E. P., and M. J. De Boer. 2006. “Open Access Echocardiography: Should We Proceed?” Netherlands Heart Journal 14(11):359.

     De Koning, D. J., F. Jaffrézic, M. S. Lund, M. Watson, C. Channing, I. Hulsegge, M. H. Pool, B. Buitenhuis, J. Hedegaard, H. Hornshøj, L. Jiang, P. Sørensen, G. Marot, C. Delmas, K. A. Lê Cao, M. San Cristobal, M. D. Baron, R. Malinverni, A. Stella, R. M. Brunner, H. M. Seyfert, K. Jensen, D. Mouzaki, D. Waddington, Á. Jiménez-Marín, M. Pérez-Alegre, E. Pérez-Reinado, R. Closset, J. C. Detilleux, P. Dovč, M. Lavrič, H. Nie, and L. Janss. 2007. “The EADGENE Microarray Data Analysis Workshop (Open Access Publication).” Genetics Selection Evolution 39(6):621–31. doi: 10.1051/gse:2007028.

     De Vries, C. J. H., M. Wieringa-De Waard, P. J. E. Bindels, and W. M. Ankum. 2011. “Open-Access Transvaginal Sonography in Women of Reproductive Age with Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding: A Descriptive Study in General Practice.” British Journal of General Practice 61(587):e340–46. doi: 10.3399/bjgp11X578016.

     De Vries, S. C. J. 2004. “Open Access -A Dutch Initiative Which Acknowledges the Role of the Publisher.” Logos (Netherlands) 15(4):209–11. doi: 10.2959/logo.2004.15.4.209.

     De Vries, S. C. J. 2007. “From Sailing Boat to Steamship: The Role of the Publisher in an Open Access Environment.” Learned Publishing 20(3):196–201. doi: 10.1087/095315107X206308.

     De-Castro, P., and G. Franck. 2019. “Funding APCs from the Research Funder’s Seat: Findings from the EC FP7 Post-Grant Open Access Pilot.” Profesional de La Informacion 28(4). doi: 10.3145/epi.2019.jul.13.

     Deibel, E., and A. Mert. 2014. “Partnerships and Miracle Crops: On Open Access and the Commodification of Plant Varieties.” Asian Biotechnology and Development Review 16(1):1–33.

     Deschamps, C., K. Raseroka, B. Kirsop, J. J. Pierrat, G. Malamoud, B. Aronson, and M. Spiesberger. 2003. “Round Table: Open Access Issues for Developing Countries.” Information Services and Use 23(2–3):149–59. doi: 10.3233/ISU-2003-232-324.

     Deville, J., J. Sondervan, G. Stone, and S. Wennström. 2019. “Rebels with a Cause? Supporting Library-and Academic-Led Open Access Publishing.” LIBER Quarterly 29(1):1–28. doi: 10.18352/lq.20277.

     van Dijken, M. J., A. G. Bus, and M. T. de Jong. 2011. “Open Access to Living Books on the Internet: A New Chance to Bridge the Linguistic Gap for at-Risk Preschoolers?” European Journal of Special Needs Education 26(3):299–310. doi: 10.1080/08856257.2011.593823.

     Donovan, S. K. 2017. “Open Access and Geology.” Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association 128(2):163–64. doi: 10.1016/j.pgeola.2017.01.004.

     Drees, W. B. 2017. “GREEN OPEN ACCESS FOR INTERESTING CONTRIBUTIONS.” Zygon 52(1):3–8. doi: 10.1111/zygo.12329.

     Ellers, J., T. W. Crowther, and J. A. Harvey. 2017. “Gold Open Access Publishing in Mega-Journals: Developing Countries Pay the Price of Western Premium Academic Output.” Journal of Scholarly Publishing 49(1):89–102. doi: 10.3138/jsp.49.1.89.

     Elwenspoek, M. 2010. “Micromachines - an Open Access Journal on Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS).” Micromachines 1(2):34–35. doi: 10.3390/mi1020034.

     Enserink, M. 2016. “Dutch Push for a Quantum Leap in Open Access.” Science 352(6283):279. doi: 10.1126/science.352.6283.279.

     Eve, M. P., S. C. J. De Vries, and J. Rooryck. 2017. “The Transition to Open Access the State of the Market, Offsetting Deals, and a Demonstrated Model for Fair Open Access with the Open Library of Humanities.” Pp. 118–28 in Expanding Perspectives on Open Science: Communities, Cultures and Diversity in Concepts and Practices - Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Electronic Publishing.

     Farace, D., J. Frantzen, S. Biagioni, and C. Carlesi. 2019. “Data from: ‘Accessgrey, Securing Open Access to Grey Literature for Science and Society.’” Grey Journal 15(3):173–74.

     Farace, D., J. Frantzen, S. Biagioni, and C. Carlesi. 2020. “Data from ‘Greynet’s Capacity in Open Access Publishing: Mapping and Measuring Its Digital Trail via the Greyguide Portal and Repository.’” Grey Journal 16(3):220–21. doi: 10.17026/dans-x7y-wmyc.

     Farace, D., J. Frantzen, S. Biagioni, C. Carlesi, A. De Robbio, A. Češarek, C. de Blaaij, K. Ikeda, and J. Crowe. 2020. “Accessgrey: Securing Open Access to Grey Literature for Science and Society.” Grey Journal 16(3):153–59.

     Farace, D., J. Frantzen, S. Biagioni, C. Carlesi, A. de Robbio, A. Češarek, C. de Blaaij, K. Ikeda, and J. Crowe. 2020. “Accessgrey: Securing Open Access to Grey Literature for Science and Society.” Pp. 89–96 in GL-Conference Series: Conference Proceedings. Vols. 2020-October.

     Farace, D. J. 2006. “Introduction: Open Access to Grey Resources.” Publishing Research Quarterly 22(1):3. doi: 10.1007/s12109-006-0001-9.

     Fecher, B., S. Friesike, M. Hebing, and S. Linek. 2017. “A Reputation Economy: How Individual Reward Considerations Trump Systemic Arguments for Open Access to Data.” Palgrave Communications 3(1). doi: 10.1057/palcomms.2017.51.

     Fecher, B., S. Friesike, and G. G. Wagner. 2017. “A Nod to Public Open Access Infrastructures.” Science 356(6344):1242. doi: 10.1126/science.aaf6401.

     Ferwerda, E. 2014. “Open Access Monograph Business Models.” Insights: The UKSG Journal 27(SUPPL. 1):35–38. doi: 10.1629/2048-7754.46.

     Franklin, J. 2003. “Open Access to Scientific and Technical Information: The State of the Art.” Information Services and Use 23(2–3):67–86. doi: 10.3233/ISU-2003-232-305.

     Gabrielle Breugelmans, J., G. Roberge, C. Tippett, M. Durning, D. B. Struck, and M. M. Makanga. 2018. “Scientific Impact Increases When Researchers Publish in Open Access and International Collaboration: A Bibliometric Analysis on Poverty-Related Disease Papers.” PLoS ONE 13(9). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0203156.

     Gailus-Durner, V., H. Fuchs, L. Becker, I. Bolle, M. Brielmeier, J. Calzada-Wack, R. Elvert, N. Ehrhardt, C. Dalke, T. J. Franz, E. Grundner-Culemann, S. Hammelbacher, S. M. Hölter, G. Hölzlwimmer, M. Horsch, A. Javaheri, S. Vetoslav Kalaydjiev, M. Klempt, E. Kling, S. Kunder, C. Lengger, T. Lisse, T. Mijalski, B. Naton, V. Pedersen, C. Prehn, G. Przemeck, I. Racz, C. Reinhard, P. Reitmeir, I. Schneider, A. Schrewe, R. Steinkamp, C. Zybill, J. Adamski, J. Beckers, H. Behrendt, J. Favor, J. Graw, G. Heldmaier, H. Höfler, B. Ivandic, H. Katus, P. Kirchhof, M. Klingenspor, T. Klopstock, A. Lengeling, W. Müller, F. Ohl, M. Ollert, L. Quintanilla-Martinez, J. Schmidt, H. Schulz, E. Wolf, W. Wurst, A. Zimmer, D. H. Busch, and M. H. de Angelis. 2005. “Introducing the German Mouse Clinic: Open Access Platform for Standardized Phenotyping.” Nature Methods 2(6):403–4. doi: 10.1038/nmeth0605-403.

     Gemechu, M. G., T. A. Huluka, F. van Steenbergen, Y. C. Wakjira, S. Chevalking, and S. W. Bastiaanssen. 2020. “Analysis of Spatio -Temporal Variability of Water Productivity in Ethiopian Sugar Estates: Using Open Access Remote Sensing Source.” Annals of GIS 26(4):395–405. doi: 10.1080/19475683.2020.1812716.

     van Gerestein, D. 2015. “Quality Open Access Market and Other Initiatives: A Comparative Analysis.” LIBER Quarterly 24(4):162–73. doi: 10.18352/lq.9911.

     Guibault, L. 2013. Licensing Research Data under Open Access Conditions under European Law.

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     19 December 2013: "Open Access in the Netherlands: walking the golden road" by Tim Buiting

     2009: report ‘Costs and Benefits of Research Communication: The Dutch Situation’.

     30 August 2014: "On Open Access in The Netherlands" by Egon Willighagen posted on blog, 

     5 March 2014: "The costs for going Gold in the Netherlands" posted on blog,

     Harnad, S (2010) On not putting the Gold OA-Payment Cart Before The Green OA-Provision Horse.

     Houghton, J (2009) Open Access – What are the economic benefits?

     UKB Survey of OA policy of Dutch Universities (in Dutch)

     Van der Graaf & Waaijers Over kwaliteit van onderzoeksdata (in Dutch, with English summary):

     Waaijers, L. The DARE Chronicle: Open Access to Research Results and Teaching Material in the Netherlands Ariadne Issue 53.

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