There is an active and innovative OA community in Belgium. There are 33 OA repositories in Belgium (OpenDOAR), most of which are university depositories.   

There are currently 47 OA journals published in Belgium which are indexed in DOAJ. 33 OA digital repositories are registered in OpenDOAR.

As of March 2021 there are 20 Belgian OA policies registered in ROARMAP and 5 funders' OA mandates listed in SHERPA/JULIET. There are mandates at Université de Liège (ULg) and Ghent University (UGent) (these are ID/OA mandates, i.e. immediate deposit and optional open access). 

Université de Liège (ULg) adopted its Open Access mandate in May 2007. Researchers have to self-archive their outputs following the principle of "Immediate-Deposit & Optional-Access" (IDOA). The assessment of research performance and the evaluation of researchers within this university are exclusively based on the research outputs that are deposited in the institutional repository (ORBI). This model is often referred to as the “Liège model” internationally.

Ghent University (UGent) was also one of the first universities to adopt an ID/OA mandate.

The other universities are all informing their researchers about OA and encouraging OA publications. Progressively Open Access mandates are adopted by the other universities of the Wallonia-Brussels Federation and Flanders, with different levels of achievement/coercion though.

There are some notable subject depositories such as e.g. OceanDocs hosted by Universiteit Hasselt. DOAJ indexes 26 Belgian OA journal titles. Research funders such as FWO and FNRS are supporting OA.


Enabling Environment

The OA movement is active and has strong support from prominent individuals.

Within the EU, Belgium has a strong reputation for R&D and innovation, primarily due to the high quality of its education and research facilities. There are two separate university systems in Belgium:

  • six French-speaking universities (including two in Brussels) and 21 university colleges (‘hautes écoles’),

  • six universities and 22 university colleges (“hogescholen”) in Flanders (see the full list of universities).

Potential Barriers

Lack of national mandate. In correlation with this, there is some lack of coordination on a bigger scale than bilateral cooperation between institutions (a lot depends on personal contacts).

Belgium recognized in an early stage the importance of Open Access. Many Belgian research organisations subscribed to the Berlin Declaration on Open Access in 2007, at a conference organised by DRIVER. This ambition was affirmed by the Brussels Declaration on Open Access, signed in 2012 by the Belgian, Flemish and French Community ministers of research at a conference organised by OpenAIRE. The declaration makes Open Access the default in circulating the results of Belgian academic and scientific research.


An Open Access provision has been adopted in the Belgian law in Sep. 2018. This law gives authors the right to make scholarly publications available in open access if the publication is a result of research funded by public funds for at least 50%, with a maximum embargo period of  6 months for STM and 12 months for SSH.

Brussels Declaration on Open Access to Belgian Publicly Funded Research

The Federal Authority, together with the Flemish Authority and the Wallonia-Brussels Federation jointly organized the solemn signing of the Brussels Declaration on Open Acces to Belgian Publicly Funded Research ( on October 22, 2012 at the initiative of the Open Access Belgium organization, which is, among others, composed of members of the Belgian OpenAIRE Helpdesk. All three Science Policy Ministers formally committed to support the dissemination of publicly funded scientific research through Open Access. The Brussels Declaration encourages the creation of institutional repositories with embargoes of no more than 6 or 12 (SSH fields) months and invites authorities to investigate possibilities of covering the costs of Open Access publishing. It also invites authorities to investigate Open Data and Open Science.

Interfederal Open Access Consultation Workgroup

In the wake of the signing of the Brussels Declaration a workgroup was created to consult on Open Access matters involving the Federal Authority, the Flemish Authority and the Wallonia-Brussels Federation. The Walloon region and the Brussels Capital Region are being kept informed but are not actively involved. Its mission mainly states that these Belgian federated entities pursue conformity and interoperability of implemented systems. They share knowledge and best practices, inform other parties, stimulate initiatives, coordinate sensitization events and international reporting and explore related fields.

BELSPO’s Open Access repository and OA policy

Until 2015, the Belgian Federal Science Policy Office (BELSPO)'s management plan states its commitment to free online availability of scientific information, in particular of research results and collections from Federal Research Institutions in compliance with the Berlin Declaration. Hence the Scientific and Technical Information Service (STIS) of BELSPO allocated € 100.000 for the creation of an Open Access repository for results of research projects funded by the Belgian Federal Science Policy Office (BELSPO) in a first phase (2014-2015) and all other Federal departments in a second phase (2016).

Furthermore, a clause has been drafted for inclusion in research contracts binding federal research institutions under BELSPO tutelage. It obliges researchers to publish results in Open Access publications or repositories. The State will in any case publish the mandatory research report in Open Access, providing all safety and privacy requirements are met. This clause has already been included in the prestigious Inter University Attraction Centres' program (IUAP).

Flander’s RILOD (Research Information Linked Open Data)

With the recently finished pilot project RILOD (Research Information Linked Open Data) an emphasis was put on “open”. Structured research information of the FRIS (Flanders Research Information Space) research portal was combined with unstructured data on the world wide web (full texts of publications, websites of organizations and people). Through an intelligent search engine this unstructured data was classified. In this way more than 600.000 Flemish publications were made available as open data.

Research Foundation Flanders (FWO)

FWO (Flanders Research Foundation) is actively implementing an Open Access Policy. Its general regulations explicitly states that in accordance with the Berlin Declaration for the promotion of free access to scientific knowledge and cultural heritage (2003), beneficiaries of FWO mandates, credits and projects must deposit publications that result from FWO subsidies in a public “Open Access” database within one year of the date of publication. This should greatly contribute to the impact and valorisation of their work. Researchers are also advised to publish their other publications in such an “Open Access” database, the so-called “Open Achives”, together with the research data underpinning these publications.

Fonds de la recherche scientifique (FNRS)

At the level of the Wallonia-Brussels Federation regional funding agency (FNRS, Fonds de la recherche scientifique), new regulations took effect on June 30, 2013 which somewhat translated the “Liège model” (cf. supra) to the FNRS. Hence the IDOA principle is also applicable to the researchers who are funded by the FNRS (mandates and grants). All research output published since 2008 has to be deposited in the institutional repository of the researchers’ institutions. The deposited output constitutes the only basis for the evaluation of research performances.

European funding

Both the EC and the ERC ask through the SC39 that a certain amount of European funded publications are made available in OA (see the OpenAIRE project).


ROARMAP lists 19 open access mandates in Belgium, either on the funder or on the institutional level. At present OpenDOAR list 36 Belgian repositories.

The number of Open Access publications in university repositories is steadily increasing. This can be linked to the sustain awareness-raising initiatives and training sessions organised by the universities.

Key Organizations


Overview: The aim of EOS is to further the opening up of scholarship and research that we are now seeing through the growing open access, open education, open science and open innovation movements. Offers information and guidelines, conferences and briefing papers through website. Communication address: EnablingOpenScholarship, The Rector (le Recteur),  Université de Liège – Rectorat, Place du 20-Août, 7 (Bât.A1), B-4000 Liège, Belgium; e-mail : info(at)

Overview: Open Access networking, promotion and advocacy organisation in Belgium. Communication address: c/o Ghent University Library, Sint-Pietersnieuwstraat 25, B – 9000, Ghent, Belgium; e-mail: openaccess(at)

Major Projects/Initiatives

In 2019 the Flemish Open Science Board emerged: it will unite Flemish stakeholders in a shared vision for the future with regard to Open Science and  EOSC, and, supported by technical working groups, advises the policy on steps to be taken to fully integrate Flanders into the international Open Science landscape

Open Access Belgium is the informal network of Open Access enthusiasts in the Belgian research organisations. Since 2015 Open Access Belgium is a working group of Open Knowledge Belgium.

University of Ghent was project partner for the DRIVER projects that promoted OA awareness in the scientific community and among repository managers. Currently UGent is the Belgian project partner and Regional Coordinator (Western Europe) for the OpenAIRE project, which provides OA for European funded research.

In 2007, Université de Liège launched EurOpenScholar (EOS) a showcase and a tool for the promotion of OA in Europe to provide information on institutional repository building, OA journals, a discussion forum on OA, on emerging methods in bibliometrics, on rankings and on comparisons. It is primarily aimed at researchers, institution managers and funding institutions.

Thanks to the mandate, the institutional repositories Orbi (ULg) and Biblio (UGent) hold a significant number of OA publications.

UGent and ULg are both involved in the site, with accompanying social media efforts. Interest seems to be growing. is an instance made available by the DMPBelgium Consortium, a result of cooperation between several Flemish andWalloon universities and scientific institutes. It provides data management plan templates for different funders as well as guidelines specific to the institution of the researcher.


IMinds has a Big Data in Health project and a Linked Open Data Project supporting automatic linking and publishing of data.

Belgian Biodiversity Platform provides free access to biodiversity data pertaining to Belgium

INBO: manages or supports multiple databases and interactive applications concerning nature and ecosystems

Belgian Health Care Knowledge Centre (KCE)

KCE aims to produce studies and reports to advise policy-makers when deciding on health care and health insurance.

Even though journal articles are not the core business of KCE, this research institution favors Green Open Access. Its OAI-PMH compliant repository is mostly composed of medical, clinical practice, public health, health technology, healthcare financing and organisation, as well as health reports. Adding journal articles is planned within the next 2 years.

ISP-WIV (Institut Scientifique de Santé Publique-  Wetenschappelijk Instituut Volksgezondheid) and SCK-CEN (Centre d'Etude de l'Energie Nucléaire- Studiecentrum voor Kernenergie)

Both ISP-WIV and SCK-CEN have committed to gather, update, share, disseminate and protect the scientific documentation and knowledge produced in their midst, the latter specifically privileging Green Open Access.

SCK-CEN has been registering documents in an internal data base since 2010. A quality control of the registrations is performed by a librarian. An evaluation of the publications is realised. A possible integration with a BELSPO Open Access Repository is now being studied. Migration of the archives will take 4 years.

Ocean Data and Information Network for Africa (ODINAFRICA), Belgium

The Universiteit Hasselt (UHasselt) serves as host for the OceanDocs repository which serves as an international subject repository for the natural sciences, with information broken down into regional (country) sub-areas. The subject coverage includes: Biology and Biochemistry; Ecology and Environment; Geography and Regional Studies

Vlaams Instituut voor de Zee (Flanders Marine Institute) (VLIZ), Belgium

A subject repository site making available work by Flemish and Belgian marine scientists and hosted by the Flanders Marine Institute.

Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO)

Réseau des Bibliothèques, Université de Liège (ULg), Belgium

This is an institutional repository that references for the totality of scientific publications of the University of Liège (backdated to 2002).


Events and Programmes

  • Belgian Online Open Science Webinars – skills and training, 05 November 2020. 

  • Learning with and from Free and Libre (FLOSS) culture, 2020-10-20, Belgium, Organized by Borut Cink | Type: online, conference

  • 28 January 2020, Flemish Open Science Board launched to fulfill European engagement and invest in Open Science

  • The future of research: assessing the impact of Plan S, 2019-11-06, Belgium, Organized by Esther Dorado-Ladera | Type: conference

  • OpenAIRE and FOSTER Open Access week 2018, 2018-10-22, Belgium, Organized by OpenAIRE and FOSTER | Type: researchers

  • Open Science on the Move, 2016-10-24, Belgium, Organized by University Librarians of Belgium | Type: open, access, week, conference

  • 14-16 November 2015: OpenCon 2015: 2nd Conference for Students and Early Career Academic Professionals on Open Access, Open Education and Open Data; Brussels, Belgium.

  • Open Access Day,, 2015-10-23, Belgium, Organized by Saskia Scheltjens | Type: presentations

  • Research impact through Open Access: explore new opportunities, 2015-10-21, Belgium, Organized by French & Flemish Universities | Type: study, day

  • 13 May 2015: PASTEUR4OA Project Mid-Term Meeting; Brussels, Belgium.

  • 11-13 May 2015: Learning Innovations and Quality (LINQ 2015); OA is among the topics. Brussels, Belgium

  • Open Science: A New Publisher Perspective, Open Belgium Conference, Namur, Belgium, February 23, 2015.

  • Open Science at the Global Scale: Sharing e-Infrastructures, Sharing Knowledge, Sharing Progress; Brussels, Belgium, 31 March 2015.

  • 29-30 October 2014: Free Workshop: Horizon 2020 Open Science, Open Data; Bruges, Belgium.

  • Boo(s)tCamp Open Science - KU Leuven, 2014-10-24, Belgium, Organized by H. Vanhaverbeke | Type: bootcamp, -, foster, &, ku, leuven

  • 18-19 September 2014: ERC Workshop on Research Data Management and Sharing; Brussels, Belgium.

  • 6 June 2014: Susan Reilly gave a presentation on Open Scholarship at the LERU Open Seminar, Brussels

  • Boo(s)tcamp Open Science; KU Leuven, Belgium, 24 Oct 2014. KU Leuven held the 2014 edition of the International Open Access Week themed "Generation Open" with a one-day Boo(s)tcamp Open Science focusing on junior researchers. The day was launched with a crash course on the ideas and principles of Open Access & Open Data for newbies ("Learn to Speak Open"), followed by a QnA with a panel of regional funders with an OA mandate ("Ask the Funders"). Included Open Science testimonials from the Life Sciences, STEM and Humanities ("Meet the Experts").

  • Big Data & Open Data; 7-8 May, 2014, Brussels, Belgium.

  • Open Access and Society: Impact and Engagement; 17 June 2014, Brussels, Belgium

  • Co-ordination Workshop on Open Access to Scientific Information, 4th May 2011 organised by Information Society and Media DG, Brussels.

  • Open Access Week events held for the first time, coordinated through  UGent and ULg are both participating in OA Week, by distributing gadgets and flyers, recording videoclips etc.  All future OA actions and initiatives will be announced on the website and the twitterfeed.

  • The department of Economy, Science and Innovation of the Flemish Government (EWI) organises an annual stakeholders and expert meeting (EWI FOCUS “Open Acces”) to which the federal and Wallonia-Brussels Federation experts are also invited.

  • OA Week @ University of Liège, 2011-10-24, Belgium, Organized by ULg Library Network - ORBi | Type: open access, promotion, event

  • Brussels, Belgium: Open Access Management & Policy: Fonds National de la Recherche Scientifique (FNRS), 2011-09-28, Belgium, Organized by Véronique Halloin | Type: open access workshop, enabling open scholarship, green oa self-archiving mandates, oa policy making

Open Science and Open Data Related Events


  • Aerts, R. 2009. “Open-Access Publishing Can Survive Recession.” Nature 458(7241):967. doi: 10.1038/458967a.

  • Alessandrini, M., B. Chakraborty, B. Heyde, O. Bernard, M. De Craene, M. Sermesant, and J. D’Hooge. 2018. “Realistic Vendor-Specific Synthetic Ultrasound Data for Quality Assurance of 2-D Speckle Tracking Echocardiography: Simulation Pipeline and Open Access Database.” IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control 65(3):411–22. doi: 10.1109/TUFFC.2017.2786300.

  • Alessandrini, M., M. De Craene, O. Bernard, S. Giffard-Roisin, P. Allain, I. Waechter-Stehle, J. Weese, E. Saloux, H. Delingette, M. Sermesant, and J. D’hooge. 2015. “A Pipeline for the Generation of Realistic 3D Synthetic Echocardiographic Sequences: Methodology and Open-Access Database.” IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging 34(7):1436–51. doi: 10.1109/TMI.2015.2396632.

  • Ayris, P., L. Björnshauge, M. Collier, E. Ferwerda, N. Jacobs, K. Sinikara, S. de Vries, and A. van Wesenbeeck. 2015. “LERU Roadmap towards Open Access.” International Microbiology 18(3):195–202. doi: 10.2436/20.1501.01.250.

  • Berghmans, F., P. Doyle, D. Martindill, N. Debaes, and H. Thienpont. 2020. “ACTPHAST4R: European Open Access Platform for Photonics Prototyping to Support Innovation-Driven Researchers.” in International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks. Vols. 2020-July.

  • Bhar, C., G. Das, A. Dixit, B. Lannoo, M. V. Der Wee, D. Colle, D. Datta, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester. 2015. “A Green Open Access Optical Distribution Network with Incremental Deployment Support.” Journal of Lightwave Technology 33(19):4079–92. doi: 10.1109/JLT.2015.2456100.

  • Blinder, D., A. Ahar, A. Symeonidou, Y. Xing, T. Bruylants, C. Schreites, B. Pesquet-Popescu, F. Dufaux, A. Munteanu, and P. Schelkens. 2015. “Open Access Database for Experimental Validations of Holographic Compression Engines.” in 2015 7th International Workshop on Quality of Multimedia Experience, QoMEX 2015.

  • Cauwe, M., C. Rentrop, L. Clerc, K. Keränen, and T. Marsden. 2018. “Open-Access Pilot Line to Accelerate Industrial Uptake of Hybrid Printed Electronics.” Pp. 31–38 in Smart Systems Integration 2018 - International Conference and Exhibition on Integration Issues of Miniaturized Systems.

  • Chauvin, M., D. Borys, F. Botta, P. Bzowski, J. Dabin, A. M. Denis-Bacelar, A. Desbrée, N. Falzone, B. Q. Lee, A. Mairani, A. Malaroda, G. Mathieu, E. McKay, E. Mora-Ramirez, A. P. Robinson, D. Sarrut, L. Struelens, A. V. Gil, and M. Bardiès. 2020. “OpenDose: Open-Access Resource for Nuclear Medicine Dosimetry.” Journal of Nuclear Medicine : Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine 61(10):1514–19. doi: 10.2967/jnumed.119.240366.

  • Confalonieri, R., M. Donatelli, S. Bregaglio, F. N. Tubiello, and E. Fernandes. 2012. “Agroecological Zones Simulator (AZS): A Component Based, Open-Access, Transparent Platform for Climate Change - Crop Productivity Impact Assessment in Latin America.” Pp. 901–8 in iEMSs 2012 - Managing Resources of a Limited Planet: Proceedings of the 6th Biennial Meeting of the International Environmental Modelling and Software Society.

  • Cooper, J. M., and W. Faber. 2010. “Taxi Demand Modeling to Ensure Appropriate Taxi Supply. Do Both Open Access and Model Based Restrictions Fail?” Pp. 60–72 in Proceedings of the Conference on Traffic and Transportation Studies, ICTTS. Vol. 383.

  • Costello, M. J., W. Appeltans, N. Bailly, W. G. Berendsohn, Y. De Jong, M. Edwards, R. Froese, F. Huettmann, W. Los, J. Mees, H. Segers, and F. A. Bisby. 2014. “Strategies for the Sustainability of Online Open-Access Biodiversity Databases.” Biological Conservation 173:155–65. doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2013.07.042.

  • Coublucq, D., M. Ivaldi, and G. McCullough. 2019a. “The Static-Dynamic Efficiency Trade-off in the US Rail Freight Industry: Assessment of an Open Access Policy.” Information-Wissenschaft Und Praxis 70(5–6):267–301.

  • Coublucq, D., M. Ivaldi, and G. McCullough. 2019b. “The Static-Dynamic Efficiency Trade-off in the US Rail Freight Industry: Assessment of an Open Access Policy.” Review of Network Economics. doi: 10.1515/rne-2018-0009.

  • Crowfoot, A. 2017. “Open Access Policies and Science Europe: State of Play.” Information Services and Use 37(3):271–74. doi: 10.3233/ISU-170839.

  • De Hert, S., and C. M. Samama. 2017. “Open Access to Research Data: The Two Sides of the Coin.” European Journal of Anaesthesiology 34(1):1–3. doi: 10.1097/EJA.0000000000000529.

  • De Koning, D. J., F. Jaffrézic, M. S. Lund, M. Watson, C. Channing, I. Hulsegge, M. H. Pool, B. Buitenhuis, J. Hedegaard, H. Hornshøj, L. Jiang, P. Sørensen, G. Marot, C. Delmas, K. A. Lê Cao, M. San Cristobal, M. D. Baron, R. Malinverni, A. Stella, R. M. Brunner, H. M. Seyfert, K. Jensen, D. Mouzaki, D. Waddington, Á. Jiménez-Marín, M. Pérez-Alegre, E. Pérez-Reinado, R. Closset, J. C. Detilleux, P. Dovč, M. Lavrič, H. Nie, and L. Janss. 2007. “The EADGENE Microarray Data Analysis Workshop (Open Access Publication).” Genetics Selection Evolution 39(6):621–31. doi: 10.1051/gse:2007028.

  • de la Documentation / Bladen voor Dokumentatie 62(2):22-30.

  • Demazière, D., F. Horn, and M. Zune. 2007. “Work Relations without Rules: The Enigmatic Production Open Access Software [Des Relations de Travail sans Règles? L’énigme de La Production Des Logiciels Libres].” Societes Contemporaines 66(2):101–25. doi: 10.3917/soco.066.0101.

  • Deroost, K., G. Opdenakker, and P. E. Van den Steen. 2014. “MalarImDB: An Open-Access Literature-Based Malaria Immunology Database.” Trends in Parasitology 30(6):309–16. doi: 10.1016/

  • Detilleux, J. C. 2008. “The Analysis of Disease Biomarker Data Using a Mixed Hidden Markov Model (Open Access Publication).” Genetics Selection Evolution 40(5):491–509. doi: 10.1051/gse:2008017.

  • Dixit, A., B. Lannoo, D. Colle, S. Verbrugge, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester. 2014. “Fiber and Wavelength Open Access in WDM and TWDM Passive Optical Networks.” IEEE Network 28(6):74–82. doi: 10.1109/MNET.2014.6963808.

  • ERC (2007) ERC Scientific Council Guidelines for Open Access. Brussels, Belgium: EuropeanResearch Council.

  • Fontana, A., L. Iturrino, D. Corens, and A. L. Crego. 2020. “Automated Open-Access Liquid Chromatography High Resolution Mass Spectrometry to Support Drug Discovery Projects.” Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis 178. doi: 10.1016/j.jpba.2019.112908.

  • Gautier, A., and M. Mitra. 2008. “Regulation of an Open Access Essential Facility.” Economica 75(300):662–82. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-0335.2007.00638.x.

  • Gille, B., L. Dedeene, E. Stoops, L. Demeyer, C. Francois, S. Lefever, M. De Schaepdryver, B. Brix, R. Vandenberghe, J. Tournoy, H. Vanderstichele, and K. Poesen. 2018. “Automation on an Open-Access Platform of Alzheimer’s Disease Biomarker Immunoassays.” SLAS Technology 23(2):188–97. doi: 10.1177/2472630317750378.

  • Griffith, O. L., S. B. Montgomery, B. Bernier, B. Chu, K. Kasaian, S. Aerts, S. Mahony, M. C. Sleumer, M. Bilenky, M. Haeussler, M. Griffith, S. M. Gallo, B. Giardine, B. Hooghe, P. Van loo, E. Blanco, A. Ticoll, S. Lithwick, E. Portales-Casamar, I. J. Donaldson, G. Robertson, C. Wadelius, P. De bleser, D. Vlieghe, M. S. Halfon, W. Wasserman, R. Hardison, C. M. Bergman, and S. J. M. Jones. 2008. “ORegAnno: An Open-Access Community-Driven Resource for Regulatory Annotation.” Nucleic Acids Research 36(SUPPL. 1):D107–13. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkm967.

  • Hadfield, A., and A. J. Zwitter. 2013. “Open Access Publishing.” Politics and Governance 1(2):102–3. doi: 10.12924/pag2013.01020102.

  • Hayes, H., P. Baret, and D. Boichard. 2009. “Editorial: GSE Is Now an Open Access Journal Published by BioMed Central.” Genetics Selection Evolution 41(1). doi: 10.1186/1297-9686-41-1.

  • Hu, Y., P. Callebert, I. Vandemoortel, L. Nguyen, D. Audenaert, L. Verschraegen, F. Vandenbussche, and D. Van Der Straeten. 2014. “TR-DB: An Open-Access Database of Compounds Affecting the Ethylene-Induced Triple Response in Arabidopsis.” Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 75:128–37. doi: 10.1016/j.plaphy.2013.12.008.

  • J. Schöpfel (2008) Grey literature on bilingualism in Belgium. Cahiers

  • Jaffrézic, F., D. J. De Koning, P. J. Boettcher, A. Bonnet, B. Buitenhuis, R. Closset, S. Déjean, C. Delmas, J. C. Detilleux, P. Dovč, M. Duval, J. L. Foulley, J. Hedegaard, H. Hornshøj, I. Hulsegge, L. Janss, K. Jensen, L. Jiang, M. Lavrič, K. A. Lê Cao, M. S. Lund, R. Malinverni, G. Marot, H. Nie, W. Petzl, M. H. Pool, C. Robert-Granié, M. San Cristobal, E. M. Van Schothorst, H. J. Schuberth, P. Sørensen, A. Stella, G. Tosser-Klopp, D. Waddington, M. Watson, W. Yang, H. Zerbe, and H. M. Seyfert. 2007. “Analysis of the Real EADGENE Data Set: Comparison of Methods and Guidelines for Data Normalisation and Selection of Differentially Expressed Genes (Open Access Publication).” Genetics Selection Evolution 39(6):633–50. doi: 10.1051/gse:2007029.

  • Kaiser, M., L. Maes, L. P. Tadoori, T. Spangenberg, and J. R. Ioset. 2015. “Repurposing of the Open Access Malaria Box for Kinetoplastid Diseases Identifies Novel Active Scaffolds against Trypanosomatids.” Journal of Biomolecular Screening 20(5):634–45. doi: 10.1177/1087057115569155.

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